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Category: Invertebrates

Earthworms (Animals in My Backyard)

Earthworms (Animals in My Backyard)

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Adaptive strategy and the origin of grades and ground-plans. Their union to a common ancestor (or deriving one from the other) is usually supported by treating them both as acoelomates. Hodgkin, “Caenorhabditis elegans as a model for innate immunity to pathogens,” Cellular Microbiology, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 741–751, 2005. Insemination in Macrodasys: A unique mode of sperm transfer in metazoa. Sc. at California State University (Los Angeles), and a Ph.

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Blowflies (Naturalists' Handbooks)

Blowflies (Naturalists' Handbooks)

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Members of the order Acoela lack any permanent di- gestive cavity; instead the pharynx leads to a solid syn- cytial or cellular mass of internal digestive tissue (Figure 10.13A). These discoveries, combined with the dynamic and toti- potent nature of sponge cells, makes succinct classifica- tion of their cells difficult. UNCORRECTED PAGE PROOFS The anatomy of turbellarians, flukes, and tapeworms is shown in Figures 10.2, 10.3, and 10.4. New Loricifera from south- eastern United States coastal waters.

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Physiological Approach to the Lower Animals

Physiological Approach to the Lower Animals

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The first few, very small, whorls at the apex are the remnant of the larval shell, or protoconch, which usually differ in sculpturing and color from the rest of the shell. In some regions of the deep sea they may compose 95 percent of the biomass. Comparative biology of marsupial development in Leptomysis and other Mediterranean Mysidacea (Crustacea). Both use their arms for suspension feeding. The arms circle the mouth, which is directed upward, away from the substrate.

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Root-knot Nematodes (Cabi)

Root-knot Nematodes (Cabi)

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Reproduction and Development Chelicerates are dioecious and generally engage in com- plex mating behaviors that ensure fertilization. Appendicularians (Figures 23.14F,G) secrete a hollow gelatinous (mucopolysaccharide) house in which they reside and upon which they depend for feeding. They can be easily seen by observing a crab or lobster in quiet water. Note the extreme sexual dimorphism between the large female and the tiny male. (D) Urechis caupo, the “fat innkeeper.” FPO/Lo res from LF Will get e-proof (D) UNCORRECTED PAGE PROOFS The proboscis is capable of shortening and lengthening, but it does not roll in and out as does the introvert of sipunculans.

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Marine Shells of the Whitsunday Coast and Islands

Marine Shells of the Whitsunday Coast and Islands

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Acanthobdella peledina, the only known species of Acanthobdellida, lives on the skin of freshwater fishes in cold, high-elevation lakes, particularly in northern Europe and Alaska. The muscles are attached to the shell such that the septum can be raised or lowered within the mantle cavity. The most colorful millipedes are the polydesmids, whose bright red, orange, and blue pigmentations warn of their cyanide defensive secretions. If one segment is damaged, it isn't usually fatal to the animal because their organs are duplicated in other segments.

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Variations on a Theme: The Classification of Benthic

Variations on a Theme: The Classification of Benthic

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The mantle, as the name implies, is a sheet-like organ that forms the dorsal body wall, and in most molluscs it grows during development in the form of one or two folds that contain muscle layers and hemocoelic chan- nels (Figure 20.14C). The traditional dendrograms drawn by biologists were called evolutionary trees, and they were meant to depict a variety of ideas concerning the evolu- tion of the organisms in question. These auricles contain chemoreceptors that are used to find food.

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Marine Invertebrates of the Pacific Northwest: With

Marine Invertebrates of the Pacific Northwest: With

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Five kingdoms: An Illustrated Guide to the Phyla of Life on Earth. The chaetognaths are called arrow worms and comprise about 100 species of marine, mostly planktonic creatures. Venomous & Toxic Marine Life of the World. These two, plus all the other known invertebrates, have only one cluster of Hox genes, while the vertebrates have duplicated their original cluster more than once. Thy life for dust and therefore in that science experiments invertebrates Gods grace to. corny jokes in tagalog.

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Trends Perspectives Parasitology (Trends and Perspectives in

Trends Perspectives Parasitology (Trends and Perspectives in

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Zool. 16: 277–291. [The introduction to an entire issue of American Zoologist (Spring 1976) devoted to an examination of those creatures showing spiral cleavage.] Dawydoff, C. 1928. The third division is also nearly vertical and results in a 280 CHAPTER NINE Figure 9.9 The ctenophore api- cal sense organ. (A) Pleurobrachia (aboral view). In addi- tion to these two common modes of asexual repro- duction, a few species of sea anemones are known to undergo transverse fission, and one family of sea anemones produces new individuals from tentacle buds (e.g., Boloceroides).

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Seashells (Magic of the Ocean)

Seashells (Magic of the Ocean)

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The Invertebrate Zoology Department is one of the older scientific units in the Smithsonian Institution. Centipedes date to at least 380 million years ago (De- vonian), and their fossils, too, resemble modern forms. Precopulatory rituals in cephalopods almost always involve striking changes in coloration, as the male tries to attract the female (and discourage other males in the area). Although popular myth says millipedes have a thousand legs (milli–pedes), none do, although the record holder (Illacme plenipes, a California species), with 375 pairs of legs, is still impressive.

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Invertebrate Paleontology (Mesozoic) of Israel and Adjacent

Invertebrate Paleontology (Mesozoic) of Israel and Adjacent

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Other dinoflagellates ingest food particles by phagocytosis. The most obvious characteristic of rhizopodans is that they form temporary extensions of the cytoplasm, called pseudopodia (“false feet”), that are used in feeding and locomotion (Figures 5.1C, 5.32, 5.33) (Box 5J). Prim- itively, each coelom is served by two pairs of ducts that lead to the exterior; each pair includes a coelomoduct and a nephridioduct. The intermediate hosts of most digenetic flukes are gastropods, although some are known to use other in- vertebrates or even certain vertebrates.

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