By Maria da Graca Carvalho, Naim Hamdia Afgan (eds.)
New and renewable power structures will play an enormous position within the sustainable improvement of a destiny power process. contemporary improvement during this box has proved that the digital strength process together with new and renewable power resources is possible. The merchandising of renewable resources of power is a excessive precedence, for safeguard and diversification of power provide, environmental defense, and social and financial team spirit. This quantity discusses the most recent examine on new and renewable power assets and their usage, emphasizing the current cutting-edge within the box and capability destiny improvement.
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Extra resources for 2004 New and Renewable Energy Technologies for Sustainable Development: Evora, Protugal, 28 June-1 July 2004
Type 4 is not connected with electricity grids and is not suffered the constraint of the electricity grid stability. 3. Sustainable Energy Scenario and Base Scenario The authors assume a sustainable energy scenario that they will set a target in 2030 when they will use no fossil fuel by 2060 (in 30 years after 2030). In the other words, they can use only renewables (such as hydropower, wind power, photovoltaic, and innovative renewables (that the authors assume at Space Power System) in 2060. Under the assumption of resource estimation of WEC and an energy demand scenario of IPCC SRES B2, they will exhaust reserves of conventional oil conventional natural gas until 2060 (Figs.
5 MW each) that are used mainly for backup and rare peak times. Since the installation of the 660 kW Vestas in the end of 2000, the wind has been providing about 8% of the yearly electricity demand. 8 GWh in 2002: Table 1 , Electricity generation history, Porto Santo, 1991-2002. The lack of water, mainly during summer, led to the installation of a reverse osmosis desalination plant in 1990, which is currently the bigger electricity client of the island. As the desalination plant doesn’t have storage for fresh water, the plant functions mainly during the day, contributing to increase the load at peak times.
I2Oo 1 w Chemical products scrap w Bioenergy w SPS w PV and electrolysis w PV(with large capacity storage) 1000 i i 5 3 800 rn PV(with small capacity storage) =-a. -E k 200 0 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 Fig. Primary energy supply (in the world in the sustainable energy scenario). 2. year". However, photovoltaic type 4 that supplies not electricity but hydrogen is categorized not as power supply but as hydrogen supply. year-' (when lkWh is converted into 3,600 J). year-', respectively (Fig. 5).