By Heinz Kramer
Turkey is a longstanding best friend of the us and Europe. After the loss of life of the Soviet empire, Turkey's strategic significance has replaced yet now not lowered. at the present time Turkey is dealing with a very various overseas and safeguard coverage setting. even if, Turkey can be present process remarkable inner swap. Many tested political truths of the Republic's seventy-five-year-long culture are more and more puzzled via a becoming a part of its humans. exceptionally, there's the increase of political Islam and the consequent conflict of ideologies among "secularists" and "Islamists" in addition to the controversy approximately Turkey's "Kurdish reality." Turkey's allies should reply to this improvement by means of adapting their rules. not anything under a re-examination and, finally, a re-orientation in kin with either the U.S. and Europe is needed if Turkey is to stay anchored within the West. This ebook undertakes a finished evaluation and research of Turkey's inner and exterior alterations and gives components of a brand new eu and American coverage towards a key strategic associate.
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Additional resources for A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United States (Studies in Foreign Policy)
At least, there is no obvious spillover to discussions in forums such as political parties or the parliament. And the public seems to regard talk shows and television debates as political entertainment rather than serious contributions to the formation of informed opinions on crucial national problems. 39 An Islamic media sector with several daily newspapers, weeklies, and other magazines has also developed. 40 If and how far these organizations can be regarded as part of Turkey's civil society is debated between secularists and liberals within the the nonreligious part of Turkey's civil society.
According to the doctrine, there is only one people in Turkey, and it comprises the totality of the country's citizens, who all enjoy the same rights and have the same obligations. Claims based on ethnic difference are unjustified because every Turkish citizen is a first-class citizen, a sentiment that has become the established reason for politicians and state officials to refuse Kurdish demands for minority rights. Only those groups are recognized as minorities in Turkey that were explicitly assigned minority status in the Treaty of Lausanne by which the Republic of Turkey was internationally recognized in 1923.
Guardians on Alert: The Role of the Military The Turkish military leadership, by tradition and by legal texts based on that tradition, is designated the task of defending the security of the republic. In this context, security implies defending against domestic as well as external threats. Developments that can be regarded as undermining the domestic stability of the country fall within the responsibility of the military. Therefore, the General Staff should be considered not only a professional military institution but a core element of Turkey's political system.