Download A Phoenician-Punic Grammar (Handbuch Der Orientalistik) by Charles R. Krahmalkov PDF

By Charles R. Krahmalkov

This quantity contains the phonology, orthography, morphology, syntax, language and utilization of the Phoenician-Punic language. It comprises examples from texts and dialects, together with fragments of a Punic drama, to convey to existence the grammatical description of this language. the outline of the literary language holds that demanding and element reference of a given type of the verb is basically a functionality of syntax, no longer morphology.

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This same reduction occurs with the noun in construct with the determinative pronoun: Pu Poen. 948 m u c o m sussibti muqdm sissibd (MQM SSBTT "the place of his residing"), in which the construct noun muqdm f=Heb. meqdm) < maqdm displays reduction of the unstressed «-vowel to w-colored shewa. Pretonic reduction is also found in Punic in the preposition Poen. mo.. The shewa is colored by the final o/u-vowel. In the noun BN bin ("son") the i-vowel may be reduced to zero when the noun is preceded and followed by a vowel: l i f n i m livnim (LBNM "for his son"); cj.

935 d o b r i m (DBRM "they say"); Pu and NPu Poen. 949, 939 b o d (BD "of, from"). H: Glottal fricative / h / . The fricative existed in Phoenician and Punic: Pu Poen. 946 hu (H' "he"); Poen. 947 helicot (HLKT "hospitality"). In Neo-Punic, the phoneme was completely lost: Poen. 936 u ("he"); Poen. 937 elichoth ("hospitality"), et passim. C. (CIS i 5510) the defnite article is twice written \ occurring in free variation with historical spelling H-\ the two spellings are found side by side throughout the history of Punic and Neo-Punic.

946), a free variant of cL cal. Excrescent -t is common in the singular demonstrative pronouns of Neo-Punic ST (sith, syth) sit ("this," masculine) and ST (soth) sot ("this," feminine), free variants of S (sy) si and S (su) so respectively. See Demonstrative Pronouns. 2c. T-Glide and Euphonic -nEarly in the history of Phoenician, the suffixal pronouns -o ("his, him") and -a ("her") were extended to use after a vowel, the affixing enabled by the introduction of the intervocalic glide -y-\ suse-y-o ("his horses") and bane-y-a ("her sons").

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