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By Helga Stan-Lotter, Sergiu Fendrihan

This solely up to date moment variation offers an outline at the biology, ecology and biodiversity of extremophiles. strange and not more explored ecosystems inhabited via extremophiles akin to marine hypersaline deeps, severe chilly, barren region sands, and man-made fresh rooms for spacecraft meeting are provided. an extra concentration is wear the function of those hugely really good microorganism in utilized examine fields, starting from biotechnology and nanotechnology to astrobiology. Examples reminiscent of novel psychrophilic enzymes, compounds from halophiles, and detection thoughts for capability extraterrestrial existence kinds are mentioned in detail.
The publication addresses researchers and complicated scholars within the fields of microbiology, microbial ecology and biotechnology.

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A strong spatial variation was observed in particular between the normal seawater site NBP and the other three hydrocarbons and hydrate sites (GC185, GC234, and GC233), with six of the OTUs unique to the hydrates and hydrocarbon seep. Moreover, the methanotrophic communities detected at GC185, GC234, and GC233 were characterized by dominant OTUs which differed among sites. The authors speculated that such variation in the chemical compositions detected in all these locations could strongly contribute to the spatial variations observed in functional bacterial groups.

2005), and a possible role in sulfate reduction has been hypothesized for 2 An Updated View of the Microbial Diversity in Deep Hypersaline Anoxic Basins 33 them, according to the brine geochemistry (La Cono et al. 2011). Bacteria and Archaea showed similar abundance in Thetis brine (Ferrer et al. 2012). Also Archaea composition shifted across the halocline, showing differential distribution of the populations between upper and lower interface and brine. The latter was mainly composed by the candidate divisions MSBL (Mediterranean Sea Brine Lake)-1 and HC (Halophilic Cluster)-1.

This is located not in the central Red Sea but much closer to the coast, near the city of Thuwal (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) (Batang et al. 2012; Fig. 2a, Sect. 3). Despite a large effort in their geochemical characterization, a relatively low number of studies focused on the microbial diversity of DHABs, using two different approaches. Firstly, researchers concentrated on the cultivation of microorganisms usually found in the brine-seawater interface, an environment less harsh than the brine where the majority of phylogenetic and metabolic biodiversity occurs (Fiala et al.

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