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By Faith Njeri Nguthi

Utilizing tissue-cultured know-how is a in all probability very important method for smallholder banana farmers to enhance their yields and source of revenue. within the scenario of the impoverishing results of excessive HIV/AIDS-prevalence in a rural banana-farming neighborhood, this is applicable much more. The study documented during this publication examines the stability among required inputs and strength merits of utilizing the tissue-cultured expertise between HIV/AIDS-affected and non-affected families in Maragua district, vital Kenya, utilizing a livelihood method. the implications express that adoption of the expertise and its persisted use differs in response to the assets endowment of the farming families. loss of monetary and actual capital, particularly a water tank, inhibits adoption, without reference to HIV/AIDS-status.However, families headed by means of aged ladies dominate one of the bad families and the HIV/AIDS-affected families. This illustrates how HIV/AIDS interfaces with poverty and, thereby, in a roundabout way with the feasibility of sustainable expertise adoption. The learn additionally exhibits that livelihood judgements and techniques of farming families are motivated via land tenure prestige (having identify deeds or now not) and labour constraints on the loved ones point. The latter come up by reason of HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality

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Extra resources for Adoption Of Agricultural Innovations By Smallholder Farmers In The Context Of HIV/AIDS: The Case of Tissue-Cultured Banana in Kenya

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However, the introduction of the Swynnerton Plan of 1954, which was a colonial government program for the registration of private title deeds to agricultural land, resulted in diminished security of tenure for non-title holders, notably wives, who could no longer rely on established secondary rights or kinship ties to guarantee land access. Although married women still have user rights over their husbands’ land, the husband has now gained more exclusive rights over the land’s disposal as it is now registered in his name resulting in what has been termed ‘rigiditization’ (Aliber & Walker, 2006).

The literature on livelihood diversification is characterized by many terms and definitions. This study adopts the definition given by Ellis (2000:15), who sees diversification as ‘the process by which rural households construct an increasingly diverse portfolio of activities and assets in order to survive and to improve their standard of living’. Livelihood diversification activities are generally classified on the basis of their roles as means for coping, adaptation and accumulation. Differences have been observed between poor households that are struggling to survive and better-off households that are diversifying to accumulate.

Ellis (2000) perceives the livelihood approach as comprising three main dimensions: assets, the mediating processes that influence access to those assets, and the strategies adopted for survival. The livelihood approach therefore provides an approach that allows us to focus on the people, the assets they have, activities they engage in, and the outcomes they aspire to achieve, when studying the effects of the introduction of an agricultural intervention on people’s livelihoods. 1 The household as the level of analysis Despite the shortcomings of the economic household model highlighted above, the household is still regarded as the micro-level basic unit of analysis in this study.

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