By Kris Manjapra
This publication explores styles of connection linking German and Indian intellectuals from the 19th century to the years after the second one global warfare. The booklet underscores the connections among German and Indian highbrow heritage, revealing the features of an international age while the gap keeping apart Europe and Asia appeared, quickly, to disappear.
Kris Manjapra lines the intersecting rules and careers of a various number of participants from South Asia and primary Europe who shared rules, shaped networks, and studied one another's worlds. relocating past well-rehearsed evaluations of colonialism towards a brand new serious strategy, this research recasts sleek highbrow background when it comes to the knotted highbrow itineraries of seeming strangers.
Collaborations within the sciences, arts, and arts produced striking conferences of German and Indian minds. Meghnad Saha met Albert Einstein, Stella Kramrisch introduced the Bauhaus to Calcutta, and Girindrasekhar Bose begun a correspondence with Sigmund Freud. Rabindranath Tagore traveled to Germany to recruit students for a brand new Indian collage, and the actor Himanshu Rai employed director Franz Osten to aid identify motion picture studios in Bombay. those interactions, Manjapra argues, evinced shared responses to the cultural and political hegemony of the British empire. Germans and Indians was hoping to discover in a single one other the instruments had to disrupt an Anglocentric international order.
As Manjapra demonstrates, transnational highbrow encounters should not inherently innovative. From Orientalism and Aryanism to socialism and scientism, German-Indian entanglements have been neither unavoidably liberal nor conventionally cosmopolitan, usually characterised as a lot via manipulation as through cooperation.
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Additional info for Age of Entanglement: German and Indian Intellectuals Across Empire
25 His six-volume book on the genealogy of symbols in world religion began with the priestly castes of ancient India and the cult of Brahma. 27 The world’s myths, rooted in Indian religions, began in the Himalayas. India was the center of an ancient world order that threw the modern Europe-centered world order into a world-historical relief. In making such sweeping and controversial claims, Creuzer was announcing a new distinction for German scholarship on the European stage. 30 Comparativist methods provided ways for Germans to 22 • Stages of Entanglement assert genius, to make German Europe into a center of knowledge and a source of power even without the overseas imperial trappings of the northwestern European powers.
Fernandez wrote a report on forestry practices in France and Germany in 1897. In 1912, Frederick Nicholson published another memorandum on his study tour to German Europe, this time to explore the organization of German fisheries. 126 And Patrick Geddes, a Scottish urban planner in India, encouraged the colonial administration to study best practices in public works and public hygiene from the United States, Germany, and France. 127 THE SPLINTERING OF ENLIGHTENMENT EMPIRE The partnership between the British and Germans relied on the universalist signs of Empire, Enlightenment, and Europeanness.
But these signs began to disintegrate and fall apart during the imperial competition that emerged in the late nineteenth century. 129 Significantly, they were coming into their own not primarily as Europeans, but first and foremost as representatives of Germanic scholarship, and of German-majority empires. Just as the nineteenth century began with a grand project of European alliance building under the auspices of the Enlightenment, and under the northern star of the British empire, by the late nineteenth century, Europe was splitting apart along the fissure lines of its diverse traditions of knowledge and scholarship, and its disparate nationalizing projects—many of which entered into competition with each other.