By Vladimir Orel
This quantity is a brand new compendium of Albanian etymology tracing millions of contemporary Albanian phrases again to their origins. It comprises targeted details at the Indo-European vocabulary preserved in Albanian in addition to on quite a few loanwords coming from old Greek, Latin, early Romance and Slavic. the traditional parts of the Albanian vocabulary are used for the reconstruction in their Proto-Albanian beginning after which in comparison with their Indo-European parallels. The background of Indo-European phrases and of early loanwords in Albanian indicates the historical past and tradition of the Albanian humans mirrored within the etymology of the Albanian language. The publication additionally incorporates a brief comic strip of Albanian historic phonetics and an enormous bibliography. each access is generally documented and includes prior etymological motives and interpretations.
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19, ﬁg. 18. 10 During the growth of the cells in thin layers, mineral salts are also deposited, and a mineralised tissue called cement develops around the tusk’s roots. According to Burack, ivory also has an oily element, which is the reason for its polished appearance when rubbed. He adds: “After a long period of time, the ivory may dry out; some collectors use a transparent polish for adding a surface gloss. ”11 The tusk is formed in the soft tissues of the elephant’s jaw. Unlike most animals’ teeth, the elephant’s tusk lacks the enamel coating which usually covers the outer surface of teeth.
23 Ivory was, indeed, and still is, considered a valuable material. It is, perhaps, the fact that in the West, in Pliny’s time as well as today, elephants are rarely seen, and for this reason ivory is considered a somewhat mysterious and exotic substance. And yet there is a great ambivalence concerning ivory. Its excellent working properties and especially its hard-wearing character have recommended it as a favourable raw material for carving into lucrative ornaments as well as articles of daily use.
Another object which should be mentioned in this context concerning evidence for Abbasid ivory, is the tantalizing chess piece in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris (inv. no. 311). Although the scholarly debate about its date and provenance has not yet been satisfactorily solved, the ductus of the genuine Kuﬁc inscription incised on its base suggests that this inscription was made in the ninth century. Thus, it can serve as terminus ante quem. But more important is the reference to the name of one of the members of the Bahili tribe in this inscription.