Download America's Strategic Blunders: Intelligence Analysis and by Willard C. Matthias PDF

By Willard C. Matthias

This survey of greater than fifty years of nationwide defense coverage juxtaposes declassified U.S. nationwide intelligence estimates with lately published Soviet files disclosing the perspectives of Soviet leaders and their Communist allies at the similar occasions. Matthias indicates that U.S. intelligence estimates have been frequently right yet that our political and army leaders quite often missed them—with occasionally disastrous effects. The ebook starts off with a glance again on the function of U.S. intelligence in the course of global warfare II, from Pearl Harbor throughout the plot opposed to Hitler and the D-Day invasion to the "unconditional quit" of Japan, and divulges how greater use of the intelligence on hand can have stored many lives and shortened the battle. the subsequent chapters facing the chilly struggle reveal what details and recommendation U.S. intelligence analysts handed directly to policymakers, and in addition what occasionally sour coverage debates happened in the Communist camp, referring to Vietnam, the Bay of Pigs, the Cuban missile predicament, the turmoil in japanese Europe, the Six-Day and Yom Kippur wars within the heart East, and the Soviet intervention in Afganistan. in lots of methods, this can be a tale of overlooked possibilities the U.S. executive needed to behavior a extra in charge overseas coverage which could have refrained from huge losses of lifestyles and big expenses on fingers buildups. whereas no longer exonerating the CIA for its personal error, Matthias casts new mild at the contributions that goal intelligence research did make in the course of the chilly struggle and speculates on what may need occurred if that evaluation and suggestion have been heeded.

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Extra resources for America's Strategic Blunders: Intelligence Analysis and National Security Policy, 1936-1991

Sample text

On the contrary, the Soviets believed that they were the ones in peril and that they needed to acquire and maintain forces capable of ensuring Soviet security against any possible combination of foreign powers. Joseph Stalin, if he had read the estimate, would have probably regarded it as essentially correct. S. plans and actions as preparations for an all-out war of aggression against the Soviet Union. As his successor Nikit a Khrushchev later recalled, the Soviet leadership then believed that the United States, with its superiority in nuclear weapons, would ultimately go to war with the Soviet Union.

Over the next eight months hundreds of the finest people in Germany were hunted down and executed, or committed suicide. The obvious question that emerges from the Dulles account is this: Who received his reports and what was done with them? The OSS records have been transferred to the National Archives and at this writing are still being declassified and indexed. But a limited comprehension of the impact in Europe of the Dulles reports can be gleaned from biographical materials which have been published.

4. The Soviet Union will insist on exclusive domination of Europe east of the general line Stettin-Trieste. 5. The Soviet Union will endeavor to extend its predominant influence to include all of Germany and Austria. 6. In the remainder of Europe the Soviet Union will seek to prevent the formation of regional blocs from which it is excluded and to influence national policy through the political activities of local Communists. 7. The Soviet Union desires to include Greece, Turkey, and Iran in its security zone through the establishment of “friendly” governments in those countries.

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