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By V. S. Naipaul

A vintage of contemporary shuttle writing, An zone of Darkness is Nobel laureate V. S. Naipaul’s profound reckoning together with his ancestral place of origin and a very perceptive chronicle of his first stumble upon with India.

Traveling from the bureaucratic morass of Bombay to the airy fantastic thing about Kashmir, from a sacred ice collapse the Himalayas to an deserted temple close to Madras, Naipaul encounters a dizzying cross-section of humanity: browbeaten executive employees and imperious servants, a suavely self-serving holy guy and a deluded American non secular seeker. An region of Darkness additionally abounds with Naipaul’s strikingly unique responses to India’s paralyzing caste procedure, its it appears serene popularity of poverty and squalor, and the clash among its wish for self-determination and its nostalgia for the British raj. the outcome could be the so much based and passionate ebook ever written in regards to the subcontinent.

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Tōzan Ryōkai’s disciples were: (1) Tsao-shan Pen-chi (Sōzan Honjaku, 840– 901), (2) Yun-chu Tao-ying (Ungo Dōyō, d. 902), (3) Chiu-feng Pu-man (Kyūhō Fuman), (4) Lung-ya Chu-tun (Ryūga Koton, 835–923), (5) Su-shan Kuang-jen (Sozan Kōnin, 837–909), and others. Tōzan and Sōzan were the founders of the Sōtō School. Sōzan’s disciple was Tsao-shan Hui-hsia (Sōzan Eka), whose disciple was Hua-yen Cheng-hui (Kegon Shō’e). Ungo Dōyō’s disciples were: Tung-an Tao-pei (Dōan Dōhai, 889–955), and Yun-chu Huai-yueh (Ungo Egaku).

Do not choose what is good, nor reject what is evil, but rather be free from purity and defilement. Then you will realize the emptiness of sin. … Whenever you speak about Mind, you must realize that appearance and reality are perfectly interfused without impediment. This is what the achievement of bodhi is. Then, the assembly was asked to hear Master Baso’s gāthā: Anytime you wish to speak about Mind, speak! In this way, bodhi is tranquil. When appearance and reality are perfectly interfused without impediment, Birth is simultaneously no-birth.

Watts, p. 110. The Chinese version was quoted in “History of Chinese Zen Masters” by Y. H. Ku, p. 58. Ma-tsu Tao-i (Baso Dōitsu, 709–788) was a native of Shih-fang in the district of Han-chou (now northwest of Cheng-tu, in Szechwan Province). He became a monk when he was 12 years old. Then, he traveled to Nan-yueh, in Hunan Province, and studied under Master Huai-jang (Ejō), who had then nine disciples. Of these, only Baso received the sacred mind-seal (as heir). According to the Lamp Records, six disciples received the Inka.

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