By L. A. Willson (auth.), L. A. Willson, R. Stalio (eds.)
Fundamental unsolved difficulties of stellar astrophysics comprise the consequences of angular momentum on stellar constitution and evolution, the character and potency of the tactics during which angular momentum is redistributed inside of and misplaced from stars, and the position that stellar rotation performs in bettering or using stellar mass loss. There seems to be a qualitative switch within the nature and potency of those mechanisms close to spectral kind FO: warmer (more big) stars often maintain extra angular momentum at the very least until eventually they succeed in the most series, whereas cooler stars regularly spin down quick. For the warmer stars, contemporary paintings indicates a robust hyperlink among the kind of pulsation habit, the mass loss charges, and the rotation pace. If an identical mechanisms may be able to force mass loss from the most series A stars, as has lately been proposed, then the present interpretations of a couple of observations can be enormously affected: e. g. the a long time of clusters will be improper through as much as an element of 2, and the outside abundances of isotopes of He, Li and Be could now not provide constraints on cosmological nucleosynthesis. There also are results at the evolution of the abundances of components within the interstellar medium and at the basic evolution of populations of stars. hence the questions of the mechanisms of angular momentum and mass lack of stars extra great than the sunlight is critical not just for stellar stories yet for the rules of a lot of contemporary astrophysics.
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Extra info for Angular Momentum and Mass Loss for Hot Stars
10, p. 349, in Paper I). Parenthetically note that one has ur a 1 near the surface when Wo = 1 because. in this case only. the centrifugal potential can be written, to Ole). as a combination of the Legendre polynomials Po and P2' Whether one has u a 1 or ur. a lip is quite irrelevant since it is a mere artifact of t~e inviscia solution. which must always be replaced by a boundary-layer solution near the free surface. The claim has also been made that we should have found a doublecell pattern in the meridional flow.
5 in solar mass per year have been taken in the above-mentioned grids, while for WNL stars a constant value M = 4 . 10-5 Mey-l was used (cf. Conti 1988). 03 a The WR/O number raUOI in function of metallicity Z (d. Arnault et aI. 1989) compared to model predictiollll. The lifetimes predicted by these models at various Z were integrated over a mass spec· trum dN/dM tV M-:l·'T (d. Scalo 1986). tios could be obtained, for example the number ratio WR/O and WN/We. Figure 3 compares the observed WR/O number ratios in various galactic and extragalactic sites (cf.
The WNE abundances, however, constitute a marvelous test of the nuclear cross-sections for the CNO cycles. This is the only place in Nature where the abundances characteristics of these cycles reveal themselves, independently of any dilution factor. At the opposite, the abundances in WC stars are products of partial He-burning. The values of these abundances ("He, nC, 16 0, 22Ne) depend very much on the stage of nuclear processing at which they are revealed. Thus, in addition to the nuclear cr05Ssections, they also very much depend on the structural properties of the models and on effects such as overshooting or mixing.