By Richard Clogg
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Filias, Koinonia kai Exousia stin Ellada (Athens 1974), 23-26, 63. The degree of differentiation of town inhabitants in terms of wealth, which is all that the eighteenth century Kadi records from Vidin, Sofia and Ruse clearly show, cannot by itself be considered as evidence of an emerging capitalism. Todorov seems to advocate a different view. Cf. La ville . Ch. VII, 'La differentiation de la population urbaine au XVIIIe s. d'apres des registres des cadis de Vidin, Sofia et Ruse'. 64. Gonul Tankut 'The spatial distribution of urban activities in the Ottoman city' in Structure Sociale .
But by then it was too late. Following the treaty of Tilsit in 1807, the Russians handed the islands to the French whose This time the second occupation was not to last very long. In 1809 a detachment of Lord British decided to take a hand. Collingwood's Mediterranean fleet occupied the three southern islands and worked their way up to the north slowly but steadil~ The French garrison in Corfu finally capitulated in 1814 on the orders of Louis XVIII. Thus began the British occupation of the Ionian Islands which was to last for half a century.
Ambiguous and rigid differentiation between those who participated in the administration and those who did not. 39 The disenfranchised majority was further subdivided into the civili or cittadini who were the middle class, and the popolari who were placed at the bottom of the social ladder. It is relativeLy easy to calculate the degree of social mobility from the middle class to the nobility on the basis of the bourgeois families who periodically replaced in the grand assemblies aristocratic first, lineage that had died out.