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By Peter Armstrong

Osprey's learn of the conflict of Bannockburn, which used to be a part of the 1st battle of Scottish Independence (1296-1328) and the climax of the profession of King Robert the Bruce. In 1307 King Edward I of britain, 'The Hammer of the Scots' and nemesis of William Wallace, died and his son, Edward II, used to be now not from a similar mildew. Idle and apathetic, he allowed the Scots the opportunity to get over the grievous punishment inflicted upon them. through 1314 Bruce had captured each significant English-held citadel bar Stirling and Edward II took a military north to subdue the Scots. Pete Armstrong's account of this pivotal crusade culminates on the decisive conflict of Bannockburn that at last gained Scotland her independence.

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Many may well have remained south of the Bannock Burn, either unaware of the unfolding events or unable to deploy. ENGLISH 1 English heavy cavalry – 2,000 strong 2 English infantry 3 English baggage train and much of the infantry Note. Each infantry block represents a ‘battalion’ of around 600 men. SCOTS A Robert Bruce’s schiltron – at least 2,400 pikemen B Edward Bruce’s schiltron – at least 1,800 pikemen C Earl of Moray’s schiltron – at least 1,800 pikemen D Scottish archers – at least 500 strong THE SCOTTISH ATTACK Monday 24 June 1314, early morning, viewed from the southeast.

The Earl of Pembroke’s HQ was in Berwick where he organised the enrolment of the troops as they arrived and planned the forthcoming invasion as the King made his unhurried way north. Berwick upon Tweed eed Norham Heaton-on-Till Coldstream Wark Holy Island Ti l l ot C 0 Carham e Roxburgh Ettrick Forest N h T 6. 18–19 June 1314: The English reach Soutra and camp there for the night. er Duns ud 7. 19 June 1314: The English march to the environs of Edinburgh and rest there for two days, until 22 June, possibly to allow stragglers and the wagon train to catch up.

42 ORDERS OF BATTLE THE BATTLE OF BANNOCKBURN, 23–24 JUNE 1314 THE ENGLISH ARMY T H E S C O T T I S H A R M Y (23/6/1314) Commander-in-Chief – King Edward II Commander-in-Chief – King Robert I The Fore-Battle or Vanguard Commanded jointly by Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, and Humphrey de Bohun, Constable of England and Earl of Hereford. The Rear-Battle or Rearguard (the Centre Division on 24 June) Commanded by King Robert I. 4 sub-divisions totalling 2,400 pikemen Cavalry 600 Armoured Cavalry 250 Welsh mounted Troops (ie Hobelars) commanded by Sir Henry de Bohun.

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