By Angeliki E. Laiou
This can be a concise survey of the economic system of the Byzantine Empire from the fourth century advert to the autumn of Constantinople in 1453. Organised chronologically, the ebook addresses key issues akin to demography, agriculture, production and the city economic system, exchange, financial advancements, and the function of the kingdom and beliefs. It offers a finished review of the economic system with an emphasis at the monetary activities of the country and the effective function of the town and non-economic actors, similar to landlords, artisans and money-changers. the ultimate bankruptcy compares the Byzantine financial system with the economies of western Europe and concludes that the Byzantine economic system used to be essentially the most profitable examples of a combined economic system within the pre-industrial global. this can be the one concise normal background of the Byzantine financial system and may be crucial interpreting for college kids of financial background, Byzantine historical past and medieval background extra ordinarily.
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Extra resources for Byzantine Economy
175–7; saints’ lives: see P. Lemerle, Le premier humanisme byzantin (Paris, 1971), pp. 74–5 and 97–103; Browning, “Literacy,” pp. 47–9. ` proTheophanes Continuatus, ed. Bekker, p. 261; N. Oikonomid`es, “Byzance: A ´ pos d’alphab´etisation,” in J. ), Bilans et perspectives des Etudes m´edi´evales en Europe (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1995), pp. 35–42. See, for example, D. ), Everyday Life in Byzantium, exhibition catalogue (Thessalonike, 2004). For the Middle Ages see, for example, J. Moreland, “The Signifiers of Production in Eighth-Century England,” in I.
74–5 and 97–103; Browning, “Literacy,” pp. 47–9. ` proTheophanes Continuatus, ed. Bekker, p. 261; N. Oikonomid`es, “Byzance: A ´ pos d’alphab´etisation,” in J. ), Bilans et perspectives des Etudes m´edi´evales en Europe (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1995), pp. 35–42. See, for example, D. ), Everyday Life in Byzantium, exhibition catalogue (Thessalonike, 2004). For the Middle Ages see, for example, J. Moreland, “The Signifiers of Production in Eighth-Century England,” in I. L. Hansen and C. ), The Long Eighth Century: Production, Distribution and Demand (TRW, 11) (Leiden, 2000), pp.
223–65 with references to his and other scholars’ earlier publications. All of Oikonomides’ articles on literacy have been reprinted in his Society, Culture and Politics in Byzantium (Aldershot, 2005). 29 The ubiquitous inscribed lead seals (more than 50,000 survive today), the signatures on archival documents, the writing implements found on many sites,30 even graffiti on a few buildings and on a significant number of gold coins testify to the essential role of writing in Byzantine daily life.