By G. M. Howe (auth.), Dr. Peter Boyle, Dr. Calum S. Muir, Prof. Dr. Ekkehard Grundmann (eds.)
The previous decade has obvious the creation of many melanoma at lases. As with different suggestions of descriptive epidemiology, those atlases have proved invaluable in picking components for additional re sear~h utilizing the tools of analytical epidemiology. How ever, some of the melanoma atlases produceq to this point have did not professional vide a typical structure of presentation, which has constrained their comparison and pissed off in a wide degree any try to examine dangers throughout nationwide limitations, limitations which when it comes to environmental exposures could have little which means. during this quantity, many beneficial properties of melanoma atlases are offered and there are discussions at the parts the place strikes in the direction of standardization might significantly raise the software of the completed product. unlike topographic maps, i. e., representations of usual and man-made positive aspects at the floor of the earth, thematic maps be aware of showing the geographical prevalence and varia tion of a unmarried phenomenon - the "theme" of the map. The hyperlink among thematic and base mapping is very robust because the themat ic info to be depicted is of higher worth if displayed on a correct base map. extra, the thematic map normally makes use of statis tical information that are usually with regards to inner administrative obstacles for enumeration. the foremost reason behind developing a thematic map is to find the spatial constitution of the subject matter of the map and to then relate the constitution to a couple features of the lower than mendacity environment.
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Additional info for Cancer Mapping
The draughtsman can demonstrate different things according to his intention. As a scientific map is a tool for further analysis, it should be constructed in the most objective way possible. The map is the base for research in furthering the explanation of spatial inequalities (of high- and low-risk areas) and in establishing correlations with environmental factors. The diffusion of the map and use by a larger public is a further problem which requires adapted techniques. Summary Some problems are general to disease mapping; others are specific to the cartography of cancer.
Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam, pp 47-55 Stemmerman GN (1966) Cancer of the colon and rectum discovered at autopsy in Hawaiian Japanese. Cancer 19: 1567-1572 Waterhouse JAH, Muir CS, Shanmugaratnam K, Powell J (eds) (1982) Cancer incidence in five continents, vol IV. International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon (IARC Scientific Publications no 42) Williams AR, Balasooriya BAW, Day DW (1982) Polyps and cancer of the large bowel: a necropsy study in Liverpool. Gut 23: 835-842 Cancer Morbidity Atlas of the Saarland: An Outline of the Model Projectfor the Analysis of Health and Environmental Data in the Saarland J.
Boyle Table 1. Relative frequency of canccr cases: population-based versus hospital registry. [Bombay Cancer Registry: Waterhouse et a1. 7 100 100 100 in topography rather than in nature, which is of greater importance in the 'Cancer Chapter' of the ICD. For example, although 'cancer of the ear' would appear to be a straightforward entity, the tumour type dictates the behaviour of the malignancy and hence its three-digit ICD classification. 2. The cancer registration officer's interest lies not only in the site of origin of the tumour but almost equally in the histology.