By Michael Whitby, Mary Whitby
The Chronicon Paschale is likely one of the significant elements of the Byzantine chronographic culture protecting the overdue old interval.
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Extra resources for Chronicon Paschale 284-628
It focuses on the critiques of autocracy, of revolutionary idealism, and of European political and cultural hegemony in the period of transition from empire to nation-state. No book in English has been produced on the Ottoman press during the second constitutional revolution of 1908. Work in Turkish is limited to general studies (primarily on the prerevolutionary press), reference works, analyses of the expatriate press in Europe, and picture books on Ottoman cartoons. 27 Scholarly energies on the press in revolutionary contexts have been devoted primarily to France.
Ottoman revolutionary cartoons synthesized a variety of Asian and European satiric styles in image and narrative. Using cartoons, satirists created an Ottoman cartoon space where the crisis of the revolution could be played out, where the merging of the real and the imagined was natural and inevitable. If human folly is the object of satire, then revolution, perhaps, is the perfect vehicle for the satirical voice. Revolution is the exchange of the old familiar follies for unknown and untested follies.
A copy of each issue of every periodical had to be sent to the Press Bureau which had been established in 1862. 10 Theatrical performances were also censored with performers forbidden the use of certain words, such as sultan. 12 Abd ül-Hamid had ordered that no mention of his own health or family could be made in the Ottoman press, and all references to foreign affairs were carefully edited. As one foreign resident of Istanbul noted in 1903: The Turkish Press Censor confiscates all European journals containing references to the internal affairs of Turkey, or her relations with the Powers, and prohibits the publication in the native Press of any news of practical importance to the Turkish public.