Download Cities of the Mediterranean: From the Ottomans to the by Biray Kolluoglu, Meltem Toksöz PDF

By Biray Kolluoglu, Meltem Toksöz

The jap Mediterranean is likely one of the world's such a lot vivid and important advertisement facilities and for hundreds of years the region's towns and ports were on the center of East-West exchange. Taking an entire and accomplished examine the sector as an entire instead of keeping apart person towns or exact cultures, towns of the Mediterranean deals a clean and unique portrait of the full quarter, from the sixteenth century to the current.

In this bold inter-disciplinary learn, the authors research the relationships among the japanese Mediterranean port towns and their hinterlands in addition to inland and provincial towns from many various views - political, financial, overseas and ecological - with out prioritizing both Ottoman Anatolia, or the Ottoman Balkans, or the Arab provinces so one can contemplate the japanese Mediterranean international as a coherent complete. via its penetrating research of a number of the networks that hooked up the ports and cities of the Mediterranean and their population in the course of the Ottoman interval, towns of the Mediterranean provides the zone as a unified and dynamic group and paves the best way for a brand new figuring out of the subject.

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Extra resources for Cities of the Mediterranean: From the Ottomans to the Present Day

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The port-city of Bandar Abbas was where the Portuguese eventually unloaded their spice cargo and re-loaded it onto camels to traverse the Syrian Desert and reach Aleppo, İzmir and Istanbul. Progressively, overland routes crossing the Fertile Crescent and Asia Minor and stretching into Central and Northern Europe via Bursa, Istanbul, İzmir, or Akkerman (by way of the Black Sea) gained salience. To be sure, when the spice trade revived after the 1550s, the Cairo–Alexandria and the Damascus–Beirut routes managed to recapture a significant share of the trade.

Emerging nation-states sought to impose a substantive orientation to the economy which would necessarily threaten the formal logic of the autonomous market as expressed in the operations of port-cities. As a historical project, nationalism became the opposite of the nineteenth-century world order, when Europe pretended to modernize and assimilate the rest of the world through the agency of port-cities. Nationalism advocated the dismantling of the global geography of the world-economy; it promised a shift in the center of gravity from networks converging on London to territories within national boundaries, centered on capital cities; it preached full control over the fate of the nationals by the local states political as well as economic sovereignty.

So did the growing engagement of British and Dutch merchants in the Levant silk trade. All the same, in the eastern flanks of the basin, where economic fortunes were dimming, the sea changes of the seventeenth century brought about two closely related spatial rearrangements. First, the number of port-cities strung along the region’s coastline declined significantly. Naturally, the exodus of the trade in spices and luxury goods and the decline in the grain trade signaled decreasing commerce in the region.

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