Download Conspiracy Theories: A Critical Introduction by Jovan Byford (auth.) PDF

By Jovan Byford (auth.)

Show description

Read or Download Conspiracy Theories: A Critical Introduction PDF

Similar intelligence & espionage books

Street Smart: Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield for Urban Operations

Deals improvements to the intelligence guidance of the battlefield (IPB) strategy to enhance its usefulness for city operations.

The Other Side of Deception: A Rogue Agent Exposes the Mossad's Secret Agenda

A former Israeli agent relates the tale of his occupation as a double agent and his disruption of surprising Mossad assassination plans.

Directors of the Central Intelligence as Leaders of the U.S. Intelligence Community, 1946-2005

This authoritative publication throughly explains how every one director of valuable Intelligence sought to satisfy his "community" position, that of bettering the cooperation one of many elements of the nation's intelligence group lower than his management. Explores that the nation's leaders anticipated of administrators and the way these retaining the accountability tried to hold it out.

Italian Navy & Air Force Elite Units & Special Forces 1940-45

This quantity assesses the bold specified forces fielded by means of Italy's military and air strength in global conflict II, either earlier than and after Italy's hand over in September 1943. The Italian military targeted forces have been rather lively and revered within the Mediterranean, the place tenth Motor-Torpedo Boat Flotilla (Xa MAS) used frogmen, 'two-man torpedoes' and explosive ram-boats; Italian midget submarines have been additionally deployed opposed to the Soviet army within the Black Sea.

Additional info for Conspiracy Theories: A Critical Introduction

Example text

Much of contemporary literature on the subject assumes that it is necessary to make an analytical distinction between what Jeffrey Bale (2007: 45) calls genuine conspiratorial politics – ‘a regular if not omnipresent feature of national and international politics’, and bogus conspiracy theories – ‘elaborate fantasies that purport to show that various sinister, powerful groups with evil intentions, operating behind the scenes, are secretly controlling the course of world events’. Similar distinctions have been made between dysfunctional ‘clinical’ or ‘pathological paranoia’ and the more acceptable ‘healthy’ or ‘critical paranoia’ (Harper, 2008; Kellner, 2003) or between explorations of ‘the natural threat of global conspiracy’ – posed by the secretive and hierarchically organised international political and economic order – and the ‘sort of mindless McCarthyian witch-hunts’ that are to be discarded (Basham, 2003: 101–102).

Conspiracy theories thus become ‘the only theories for which evidence against them is actually construed as evidence in favour of them’ (Keeley, 1999: 120). It is important to mention, however, that unfalsifiability is not something that a priori disqualifies conspiracy theories. In the natural sciences, where falsifiability – the logical possibility that a claim could be proven to be false – is indeed the principal requirement for a good theory, the object of knowledge (the natural world) is devoid of agency with respect to the scientific investigation.

In the 1985 update of Gary Allen’s classic conspiracy theory pamphlet None Dare Call It Conspiracy (1972), Larry Abraham argues that the Watergate affair is not what it seems and that Nixon was in fact set up by Henry Kissinger, Nelson Rockefeller and a suite of other members of the Council on Foreign Relations intent on subverting the presidency (Abraham, 1985). At the same time, conspiracy theorists will occasionally allude to real conspiracies, but as mere starting points, as a kernel of truth upon which implausible stories about the activities of the would-be rulers of the world can be constructed.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.65 of 5 – based on 46 votes