By Sandria B. Freitag
This number of ten essays on Banaras, one of many biggest city facilities in India's japanese Gangetic undeniable, is united via a typical curiosity in reading daily actions with a view to find out about shared values and motivations, procedures of id formation, and self-conscious buildings of neighborhood. half One examines the functionality genres that experience drawn audiences from in the course of the urban. half makes a speciality of the parts of local, rest, and paintings, analyzing the strategies in which city citizens use a feeling of identification to arrange their actions and convey intending to their lives. half 3 hyperlinks those studies inside of Banaras to a chain of "larger worlds," starting from language pursuits and political protests to illness ecology and neighborhood environmental influence. Banaras is a posh international, with ameliorations in faith, caste, type, language, and pop culture; the variety of those essays embraces these modifications. it's a assortment that would curiosity students and scholars of South Asia in addition to an individual attracted to comparative discussions of pop culture.
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Extra resources for Culture and Power in Banaras: Community, Performance, and Environment, 1800-1980
It was a process that had begur much earlier. "The early colonial period," Bayly tells us, "saw the further consolidation of a merchant and service class between the state and agrarian society. It was as much the product of the slow commercialisation of political power which had gathered pace in the late Mughal period as of the export of trades and land market of colonial rule .... But as an indication of the persistence of an indigenous social change [begun in the eighteenth century], it was no less important because its idiom remained 'traditional'" (1983:344-45).
Places on this map represent the significant sites for festivals and other collective activities described in the chapters of this volume. Sources used for the map include Eck 1982, Kumar 1984, Schechner and Hess 1977, and the chapter authors. < previous page page_24 next page > < previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 Introduction to Part 1 Performance and Patronage Our study of Banaras begins here by looking at a variety of performance genres enacted in the public spaces of that urban site.
Tern were as important for city-hinterland connections as they were for urban residents themselves (see Part 3). The emergence of such urban corporations is important for us in this study of the urban site of Banaras, for corporations of townsmen, merchants and religious specialists had developed a new coherence and autonomy which in some cases amounted to a virtual civic self-government. These changes were not frustrated by caste fragmentation or the passivity of Hinduism: on the contrary, caste and religion provided the building-blocks out of which mercantile and urban solidarities were perceptibly emerging ....