Download Deadlocks in multilateral negotiations : causes and by Amrita Narlikar PDF

By Amrita Narlikar

''Deadlocks are a characteristic of way of life, in addition to excessive politics. This quantity specializes in the concept that, explanations, and effects of deadlocks in multilateral settings, and analyses the kinds of recommendations which may be used to wreck them. It commences with a definition of impasse, hypothesizes approximately its prevalence, and proposes recommendations. every one bankruptcy then makes an unique contribution to the difficulty of impasse - Read more...

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Extra info for Deadlocks in multilateral negotiations : causes and solutions

Sample text

The solution is always to dissolve the collective power which these groups exert, and return to individual negotiation and individual compromise. The existence of collectives turns positive sum relationships into zero sum relationships, and leads to contests of will and power, and therefore to deadlocks. These produce at the least relative impoverishment, in comparison to what might have been, and at worst they can produce violent conflict, as one side or both resort to force to try and overcome the impasse.

If loyalty is high, strategies employing voice are much more likely to be adopted than strategies of exit. Where deadlocks exist in multilateral negotiations this is likely to be because strategies of voice are paramount. To analyse ‘voice’, however, in all its different ramifications, is to analyse the political, the ways in which interests are formed, and power and authority are distributed, and identities constructed. If voice is dominant, this may be because exit is not feasible, or because loyalty is high, either to another state, or to an international organization and its rules.

Deadlocks arise frequently in political negotiations of all kinds, but it is important to ask why this is so. Is there something about politics and political relationships which are especially liable to deadlocks, or is the phenomenon a more general one? Might it be possible to design a world in which deadlocks did not occur at all, or only infrequently? Deadlocks are generally seen as undesirable. If there is an impasse in a negotiation and it becomes impossible to proceed or act, it is often assumed that the resulting situation will be less optimal than if there had been an agreement.

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