By Mark E. Caprio, Yoneyuki Sugita
With specialist contributions from either the united states and Japan, this ebook examines the legacies of the USA profession on jap politics and society, and discusses the long term effect of the career on modern Japan. concentrating on imperative issues – democracy and the interaction of US-initiated reforms and Japan's endogenous force for democratization and social justice – the individuals handle key questions:
- How did the U.S. gurus and the japanese humans outline democracy?
- To what quantity did the United States impose their notions of democracy on Japan?
- How a long way did the japanese pursue impulses towards reform, rooted of their personal historical past and values?
- Which reforms have been without difficulty authorised and internalized, and that have been finally subverted through the japanese as impositions from open air?
These questions are tackled by means of exploring the dynamics of the reform strategy from the 3 views of innovation, continuity and compromise, in particular picking out the influence that this era made to jap social, financial, and political knowing. seriously examines formerly unexplored matters that encouraged postwar Japan reminiscent of the influence of labour and healthcare laws, textbook revision, and minority coverage. Illuminating modern Japan, its achievements, its power and its quandaries, this booklet will attract scholars and students of Japanese-US family, eastern background and eastern politics.
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Extra resources for Democracy in Occupied Japan: The U.S. Occupation and Japanese Politics and Society (Routledge Studies in Asia's Transformations)
Between the late 1980s and 1990s, writes Gavan McCormack, Japan was the “preeminent military power in the [East Asian] region,” and became the world’s second largest arms importer. E. Sharpe, 1996, p. 193. As is the case with many other nations, Japan’s defense budget does not include important military-related expenditures, for example those that support the United States military in Japan, much of it paid lavishly by the Japanese government. As Vice President of the Upper House, Burakumin Matsumoto Jiichirô became the first outcaste to enter the Imperial Palace.
Furthermore, staple rations had to be delayed in many cities. By May, residents of Tokyo received only 775 calories from the official ration, with total consumption falling to 1,352 calories. For most cities, the crisis became acute in August. Delays were often followed by cancellations. Surveys revealed that diseases stemming from malnutrition peaked during the summer. Colonel Crawford F. Sams, Chief of the Public Health and Welfare Section, feared that urbanites would be “near the danger point of mass starvation” from May to August.
202–6. Takemae, Inside GHQ, p. 344. , p. 339. , pp. 312–13. S. occupation of Japan, New York: Columbia University Press, 1999, especially chapter 3, and Caprio’s chapter below. One of the more comprehensive histories of the Japan-based Koreans during the occupation is Kim Daegi, Sengo nihon seiji to zainichi chôsenjin mondai: SCAP no tai zainichi chôsenjin seisaku [Postwar Japan policy and the Japan-based Korean problem: SCAP’s policy toward Japan-based Koreans], Tokyo: Keisô shobo, 1997. Pak Kyóngsik, Kaihôgo zainichi chôsenjin undoshi [The history of post-liberation Japan-based Korean movements], Tokyo: Sanichi shobô, 1989, p.