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By Douglas F. Garthoff

This authoritative publication throughly explains how each one director of relevant Intelligence sought to meet his "community" function, that of improving the cooperation one of the components of the nation's intelligence neighborhood less than his management. Explores that the nation's leaders anticipated of administrators and the way these preserving the accountability tried to hold it out.

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Directors of the Central Intelligence as Leaders of the U.S. Intelligence Community, 1946-2005

This authoritative publication throughly explains how each one director of vital Intelligence sought to satisfy his "community" position, that of improving the cooperation one of the components of the nation's intelligence neighborhood below his management. Explores that the nation's leaders anticipated of administrators and the way these maintaining the accountability tried to hold it out.

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Additional info for Directors of the Central Intelligence as Leaders of the U.S. Intelligence Community, 1946-2005

Sample text

Clandestine collection of human source intelligence had been an integral part of CIA’s activities from the beginning. The War Department had transferred the relevant resources left over from OSS to CIG, and CIA inherited them when it began operations in 1947. Executive branch leaders, intelligence professionals, and most congressional leaders considered this to be an appropriate “service of common concern” at the time the 1947 law passed. The duty of mounting covert actions to influence events abroad came very soon after CIA was established, beginning as the Cold War developed in Europe.

Cline, The CIA under Reagan, Bush & Casey, 133. 21 Ludwell Lee Montague, General Walter Bedell Smith as Director of Central Intelligence: October 1950–February 1953, 74. 22 James Srodes, Allen Dulles: Master of Spies, 421–22. Srodes rues the approach Smith took. ” 18 FIRST FOUR DCI S: GAINING A FOOTHOLD possessed. At the same time, this task also reflected the principle of individual responsibility felt keenly by the early DCIs, who had it produced by officers under their command in CIG. Even so, the issue was clouded at the outset by challenges.

26 A “hub and spokes” concept was, for historian Thomas Troy, exactly what William Donovan had had in mind. Troy, Donovan and the CIA, 410. DCI Allen Dulles in 1961 used the word “keystone” to describe CIA’s place in the Intelligence Community, and in 1994 DCI R. James Woolsey approved a CIA vision, mission, and values statement that also used “keystone” to describe CIA’s relative place in the community. Throughout the 1990s, the graphic depiction of the Intelligence Community in CIA’s public brochures literally placed CIA in the top-center, or keystone-like, location within a circle of 13 organizations (the DCI, with his National Intelligence Council and Community Management Staff, and after 1998 his deputy for community management, occupied the “hub” of the wheel).

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