By Nevzat Uyanık
Prior to global struggle I, American involvement in Armenian affairs was once restricted to missionary and academic pursuits. This used to be opposite to Britain, which had performed a key function within the diplomatic enviornment because the Treaty of Berlin in 1878, whilst the Armenian query had turn into a subject matter of significant strength international relations. even though, through the top of the struggle the dynamics of the foreign process had passed through drastic swap, with the US rising as one of many fundamental powers politically taken with the Armenian factor.
Dismantling the Ottoman Empire explores this evolution of the us’ position within the close to East, from politically far away and remoted strength to assertive significant participant. via cautious research of the interplay of Anglo-American regulations vis-à-vis the Ottoman Armenians, from the nice battle during the Lausanne Peace convention, it examines the swap in British and American thoughts in the direction of the area in gentle of the stress among the notions of latest international relations vs. outdated international relations. The ebook additionally highlights the clash among humanitarianism and geostrategic pursuits, which was once a very outstanding element of the Armenian query through the conflict and put up conflict interval. utilizing fabric drawn from public and private documents and collections, it sheds mild at the geopolitical dynamics and intricacies of significant energy politics with their long-lasting results at the reshuffling of the center East.
The publication will be of curiosity to students and scholars of political & diplomatic heritage, close to jap affairs, American and British international relations at first of the 20th century, the heritage of the Ottoman Empire, the center East and the Caucasus.
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Additional resources for Dismantling the Ottoman Empire: Britain, America and the Armenian question
Reynolds, Shattering Empires: The Clash and Collapse of the Ottoman and Russian Empires, 1908– 1918 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011), 72–73. 23 Grey to Goschen, January 4, 1914, FO 371/2116. 24 Grey to Goschen, January 29, 1914, the cable transmitted also the memorandum prepared by the Imperial Ottoman Embassy, ibid. ), 287–288; Enver Bolayır, Talât Paşa’nın Hâtıraları (İstanbul: Güven Basımevi, 1946), 20–21, 53–55. 26 Reynolds, Shattering Empires, 76–77. 27 Mallet to Grey, April 7, 1914, FO 371/2116; Mallet to Grey, April 15, 1914; Mallet to Grey May 27, 1914, ibid.
20 Corroborating Ottoman fears once more, the British position was less than enthusiastic in attending to Ottoman concerns during the negotiations for reforms in 1912–14. While having instigated the Armenian demands for reforms, Russia curtly turned down other powers’ suggestion for allowing the Ottomans to participate in the conference in Istanbul to discuss the reform scheme. Sazonov asserted that the Armenians would have no confidence in the reform “if a Turk participated,” nor would Russia allow the discussion of an Ottoman proposal.
Since the Gladstone government, the British Empire had ceased to be the Sublime Porte’s main ally to turn to against the Tsarist Russia’s expansionist policy towards the Near East. e. 12 This rapprochement between Russia and Britain, whose interests had long been looming large over the Near East, increased the anxiety of the Ottomans. 13 After all, it was the Near East, and particularly the control of the Turkish Straits and Russia’s ambitions for southward expansion, which had been the original cause of hostility and friction between Britain and Russia, and even in these areas the British government was prepared to discuss favorably some changes if Russia would introduce them, as Grey himself had underlined.