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By Bhawan Ruangsilp

This research specializes in the perceptions of the retailers of the Dutch East India corporation (VOC) of the Thai royal courtroom in the course of their prolonged place of dwelling in Ayutthaya. Basing herself on a wealth of Dutch basic assets, the writer exhibits how exchange, politics and international relations formed a distinct courting in accordance with 'partnership' and a 'sense of differences'. The e-book contributes to increasing the learn of Ayutthaya's history-known for its shortage of indigenous resources- with the aid of modern Dutch perspectives.

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Extra resources for Dutch East India Company Merchants at the Court of Ayutthaya: Dutch Perceptions of the Thai Kingdom, c. 1604-1765

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57 There were two major considerations which prompted this decision. 58 It also had firm intentions to contain the naval ambitions of Siam. 59 The Company ultimately used its naval superiority to force some concessions from King Narai in 1663-4. The impact of the European presence in Asia before the nineteenth century may sometimes be overestimated, but it has to be admitted that Europeans had indubitably enforced control over Asian waters which changed the nature of indigenous freedom of navigation.

This resulted in the withdrawal of the Company personnel from Siam and the naval blockade at the mouth of the Chao Phraya River by the VOC (selectively capturing junks sailing to Siam from China and Japan) between September 1663 and February 1664. 25 Its contents confirmed the Dutch intention to restrain Siamese trade expansion in East Asia. The treaty not only gave the Dutch the freedom to trade with anyone anywhere in Siam, it also reaffirmed their exclusive rights to buy and export deerskins and cow hides.

Representation of power was found in architecture and the organization of landscape, too. Many foreigners witnessed the splendour—reification of power—of the Ayutthayan king at the most important royal buildings: the royal palaces (wang) and the temples (wat). The display of wealth was an important part of Siamese court life. Acts of public generosity—mostly grand-scale merit-making and the building or renovating of religious monuments—were significantly considered one of the king’s virtues; they brought the distant figure of the semi-divine ruler closer to people and, yet, confirmed his material and spiritual superiority.

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