By Samuel Glasstone
So much of what has ever been to be had within the open literature in regards to the results of nuclear guns was once on hand within the 1962 and 1964 variants of this gem of a publication. The language is apparent sufficient for a journalist writing approximately "what may occur if..." and distinct adequate, together with equations, for the main exacting scientist. in case you are fortunate you may as well locate an variation that comes with the "bomb results computer," a cleverly designed basic equipment, basically a round slide rule, that makes it effortless to calculate, for those who have no idea or have forgotten easy methods to use the equations, how results switch as a functionality of yield, distance, and top of detonation. nonetheless the simplest in the end those years!
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Additional resources for Effects of Nuclear Weapons
12 that the transient wind velocity behind the shock front decays to zero, and then reverses itself, at a somewhat later time than the end of the overpressure positive phase. Consequently, durations of dynamic pressure may exceed durations of overpressure by varying amounts depending on the pressure level involved. However, dynamic pressures existing after the overpressure positive phase are so low that they are not significant. Therefore the period of time over which the dynamic pressure is effective may be taken as essentially the positive phase duration of the overpressure as shown in Fig.
28). 01’7 second after detonation of a 20-kiloton bomb, for example, is referred to as the “breakawa,y”. 85 Following the hreakaway, the visible ball of fire continues to increase in size at a slower rate than before, the maximum dimensions being attained after about a second or so. 1 millisecond (lo-’ second) to 1 second after the detonation of a 20-kiloton nuclear bomb, is shown in Fig. 85. Attention should be called to the fact that both scales. 82. 1 PRESSURE in the hall of fire. 85. Variation of radius of luminous esldoslon.
If the bomb is exploded at a greater height, then Mach fusion commences farther away. If the air burst takes place at a sufficiently great height above the ground, regular reflection will occur and no Mach stem may be formed. 26 The height of burst and energy yield (or size) of the nuclear explosion are important factors in determining the extent of damage at the surface. he Mach stem begins to form. As the height of burst for an explosion of given energy yield is decreased, the consequences are as follows : (1) Mach reflection commences nearer to ground zero, and (2) the overpressure at the surface near ground zero becomes larger.