By John M. Oldham, Andrew E. Skodol, Donna S. Bender
An abridged model of The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of character Disorders, this quantity offers the necessities of this subject and is up-to-date with the new progress of information within the neurosciences and the hot applied sciences getting used to take on the remedy of complicated psychiatric problems. In necessities of character Disorders, 35 foreign professionals all individuals to the father or mother textual content supply a stability of idea, study, and therapy aimed toward prepared program in a hectic perform. This quantity starts with a evaluate of our evolving realizing of character issues and the foremost theories that experience prompted brooding about their nature. A succinct consultant to medical review follows, featuring the defining positive factors of DSM-IV-TR character issues, complementary techniques to scientific review, styles of Axis I and Axis II disease comorbidity, and medical classes and results. Chapters on etiology mirror the latest information on epidemiology, development in realizing underlying neurobiology, a developmental point of view on spotting early styles of habit suggestive of destiny problems, and the relevance of formative years reports to the improvement of maladaptive character characteristics. 11 chapters on therapy then provide guidance for choosing the correct depth of therapy for sufferers, by way of a presentation of healing thoughts and issues starting from psychoanalysis and workforce therapy to boundary concerns and collaborative therapy.
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Extra info for Essentials of Personality Disorders
Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Press, 1984 Gunderson JG: Borderline Personality Disorder: A Clinical Guide. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2001 11 Gunderson JG: Borderline Personality Disorder. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2008 Hoch PH, Polatin P: Pseudoneurotic forms of schizophrenia. Psychiatr Q 23:248–276, 1949 Kernberg OF: Borderline Conditions and Pathological Narcissism. New York, Jason Aronson, 1975 Kohut H: The Analysis of the Self: A Systematic Approach to the Treatment of Narcissistic Personality Disorder.
Millon’s reconceptualized theory outlined four basic evolutionary principles consistent with the polarities described by his earlier theory: 1) aims of existence, which refer to life enhancement and life preservation, and which are reflected in the pleasure/pain polarity; 2) modes of adaptation, which he described in terms of accommodation to, versu s m od if ica t ion o f , th e e n v iron me n t (whether one adjusts or tries to adjust the world, particularly other people) and which are reflected in the passive/active polarity; 3) strategies of replication or reproduction, 25 which refer to the extent to which the person focuses on individuation or nurturance of others and which are reflected in the self/ other polarity; and 4) processes of abstraction, which refer to the ability for symbolic thought and which are represented by the thinking/feeling polarity.
Cloninger (1998) proposed that all personality disorders are low on the character dimensions of self-directedness and cooperativeness. What distinguishes patients with different disorders are their more specific profiles. In broad strokes, the Cluster A personality disorders (schizotypal, schizoid, paranoid) are associated with low reward dependence; the Cluster B personality disorders (borderline, antisocial, narcissistic, histrionic) are associated with high novelty seeking; and the Cluster C personality disorders (dependent, avoidant, obsessive-compulsive) are associated with high harm avoidance.