Download Everything You Need to Know About Cancer in Language You Can by Matthew D. Galsky PDF

By Matthew D. Galsky

During this distinct consultant, Dr. Matthew D. Galsky explains the fundamentals of what melanoma is in comprehensible phrases in order that newly clinically determined melanoma sufferers, their family members, and their neighbors could make informed judgements approximately their melanoma remedies. every little thing you want to learn about melanoma explains what melanoma is, the way it is clinically determined, and the way it really is taken care of.

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An intense area of research is attempting to identify similar tests and treatments for other types of cancers. indd 24 7/6/09 7:10:10 AM Chapter 4 What is a pathology report? As noted in Chapter 3, a diagnosis of cancer is ultimately made by a pathologist reviewing a sample of tissue under a microscope. After reviewing the tissue, the pathologist generates a pathology report describing the findings. This report often contains key information about the cancer, including indicators of prognosis and indicators of which treatments might be most effective.

When a cancer or an organ containing the cancer is removed, the surgeon attempts to remove the entire cancer. If there are cancer cells extending to the edge of the pathology specimen, this indicates that there are likely cancer cells on the other edge of that specimen, which is still located in the patient’s body. This is called a positive margin. Think about a raisin in a loaf of bread. Now imagine trying to cut the loaf of bread so that the entire raisin is contained in the half of the loaf that is closest to you.

The pathologist’s role is critical because interpreting a biopsy or surgical specimen and making the proper diagnosis are essential to selecting the appropriate treatment. Pathologists complete a 4-year residency in pathology after medical school. When imaging studies (such as CT scans and bone scans) are performed, a physician is needed to look at the images and interpret them. That physician is a radiologist. Radiologists are crucial not only in determining whether a patient might have cancer but also in determining whether the cancer is localized or has spread.

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