Download Finland by Douglas A. Phillips, Charles F. Gritzner PDF

By Douglas A. Phillips, Charles F. Gritzner

A tricky atmosphere with a harsh Arctic weather has made existence for the Finns super demanding. yet they've got conquer greater than simply their atmosphere. spiritual divisions that built among the Catholic and Orthodox church buildings additionally divided the rustic in the course of the nice Schism. Later, the rustic used to be a battleground for scuffling with among the historic powers of Sweden and Russia. this day, Finland is a communications titan, and the rustic isn't any longer located at the fringes of human job. using expertise has helped the Finns movement to some degree of digital centrality within the ecu group. This full-color survey of the Finnish geography, background, executive, economic system, humans, and tradition will support pupil researchers in investigating this Nordic kingdom.

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Extra info for Finland

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Many claim that the Finns’ health-care system is the most comprehensive in the world today. The system is 51 52 Finland paid for by taxes and is implemented locally. Finns consistently report that they are very happy with their health-care system; in Europe, only the Danes report higher satisfaction with their system. In 2006, Finland ranked eleventh among countries in the annual United Nations Human Development Index (HDI) ­Report. 4 percent of the population is Finnish. Few countries in the world have less diverse populations.

Thus, at the end of World War II, the Russian Bear still loomed as a dangerous presence over ­Finland. After World War ­II After World War II, Finland was again pinched between East and West. This time it wasn’t between Sweden and Russia; rather, it was between the Soviet Union and its satellite countries to the east and the United States with its allies in the west. Finland was now on the front lines of the Cold War. Although fiercely independent, the Finns knew that they needed to accommodate the Soviets while, at the same time, maintaining their political independence.

Finland’s Roma population has a high rate of unemployment, and their living conditions are poor. The Roma mostly live in major cities in southern Finland. Both the Finnish government and European Union have undertaken major efforts to improve economic opportunities for Roma people, along with protecting their political and civil ­rights. Tartars, who started to arrive during the late nineteenth century, are another small ethnic group in Finland. They are the oldest Muslim group in Finland, and there are only about 1,000 of them in the country today.

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