Download Food, Farming, and Hunting (American Indian Contributions to by Emory Dean Keoke PDF

By Emory Dean Keoke

By the point eu conquistadores and colonizers arrived within the Americas, beginning in 1492, American Indians had already invented subtle looking and fishing expertise. They accumulated countless numbers of vegetation for foodstuff, fiber, and drugs, and primary domesticated three-quarters of the nutrition vegetation raised on this planet at the present time. nutrients, Farming, and searching covers the various contributions that American Indians have made all through background, together with some of the instruments utilized in looking, comparable to bolas, bows and arrows, and camouflage, and different tools of fishing for every tradition. the amount identifies the numerous meals North American, Mesoamerican, and South American Indians accumulated, discusses the delivery of agriculture within the Americas, and describes the vegetation that have been finally domesticated and farmed. Later advancements and enhancements in farming, resembling irrigation and using fertilizer, also are lined.

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Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division [LC-USZ62-98722]) Gathering 5 33 hlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhl MAPLE SAP Maple sugaring season lasted several weeks. ” Algonquian speakers, who lived along the St. ” American Indians of the Northeast gathered maple sap in birch-bark buckets. (Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division [LC-USZ62-105740]) lhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlhlh wooden bowls containing sap. Another way was to freeze the sap and get rid of the ice that formed at the top.

The provided a balanced diet gourds range from light to dark green in color. From four for American Indian peoto 40 inches long, they grow on climbing vines. They are ple. Because these plants sturdy, fast-growing plants. American Indians dried bottle produced many seeds, gourds and used them for eating and cooking utensils, canfive people could harvest teens, rattles and whistles. Eastern Woodland Indians somea 200-square-foot field, times hung gourds on poles in their fields to serve as planted equally with homes for insect-eating birds.

Next they cut down the small trees and brush with stone axes, evenly spreading them across the earth that was to become a field. This method of clearing land is called milpa, swidden, or slash-and-burn agriculture. It is still practiced by indigenous farmers in parts of Mexico and South America. American Indians discovered that if they cut a strip of bark from around the trunk of larger trees, those trees would die within one to three years. Removing the bark from around the tree prevented the food that the tree made in its leaves from reaching the roots.

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