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By Ron Field

A tremendous interval of westward growth came about within the usa in the course of the first half the nineteenth century. Fur buying and selling, the coast-to-coast railroad, the California gold rush and the elimination of local American tribes either facilitated and inspired America's "manifest destiny" to turn into a transcontinental state. the duty of shielding the settlers from the tribes that inhabited the nice Plains fell to the USA military, and to do that an intensive community of everlasting forts used to be created through building and acquisition. This identify examines why the forts have been equipped, in addition to their layout, protective positive aspects and the position they performed within the cost of the yankee West. The day-by-day lives of the garrison infantrymen and castle population also are lined, including the battling witnessed at key websites.

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Extra info for Forts of the American Frontier 1820-91: Central and Northern Plains (Fortress, Volume 28)

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With the commanding officer wounded, and the second in command, Lieutenant Francis A. Cariveau, sick, responsibility for the defense of the fort fell upon Lieutenant John Groetch. Lit by the grotesque light of burning haystacks, the fighting went on for about five hours, but only two defenders were wounded – one of whom eventually died of his wounds. The Indians possibly lost as many as six dead and 15 wounded. After the first attack had been driven off, Groetch also found that he was running out of small arms ammunition and, as at Fort Ridgely, removed balls from the canister used by the three 12-pdr The attack on Fort Ridgely Following the Indian attack on Fort Ridgely in 1862, Lieutenant Timothy J.

Now, different companies of the same regiment had to go last fall up to the Yellowstone river with the surveying party, and it is understood that the whole regiment is to move this spring to the same place to build new forts. ” A similar situation existed on the plains of Kansas. qxd The reconstructed dragoon stables at Fort Scott in Kansas. The original building was designed to hold 80 horses. (FSNHS) 16/3/09 12:45 Page 34 “There have been no drills here the past Winter, the soldiers being all occupied in building quarters.

However, only a small percentage of enlisted men actually married. This was partially due to the shortage of women on the frontier, and also because the low pay received by soldiers provided insufficient funds to support a family. Most wives of enlisted men were employed as laundresses. These were the only women recognized by the Army as having a reason to live at a military post. Hence, laundresses’ quarters were provided, and a scale of payment was set for officers and enlisted men who used their services.

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