By Douglas Walker
French Sound constitution presents a entire, particular and well-illustrated description of the pronunciation of contemporary general French, incorporating reviews on local and social edition, on abbreviatory strategies and "word play", and on yes historic phonological alterations which remain mirrored within the modern language. it really is written in a manner that presupposes very little formal education in linguistics right (other than a few familiarity with phonetic notation, to which scholars of linguistics are more often than not uncovered independently). This paintings should be of curiosity to college scholars learning French and to scholars of linguistics ordinarily. Others wishing to understand extra in regards to the nature of the French language also will locate the fabric beneficial, seeing that pronunciation isn't thought of in any element regularly handbooks of French. The accompanying CD-ROM is an extra worthy asset, offering oral examples appropriate to the linguistic fabric lower than examine.
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Additional resources for French Sound Structure
To conclude this description of vowel length in SF, we may note that length is not cumulative. That is, intrinsically long vowels or long /'Ö/ followed by a lengthening consonant are not doubly long; length in rose [¯oÖz], chaise ‘chair’ [5'Öz] or genre ‘kind’ [<#Ö¯], in other words, is comparable to that in hausse ‘rise’ [oÖs], chaîne [5'Ön] or branle ‘swing’ [b¯#Öl]. The following sentences, where length appears only in the ﬁnal syllable of the phrases, illustrate the role of stress in conditioning vowel length.
CV…/ since they would violate the exclusion of /e/ from closed syllables. sCV…/. CV/, and the behaviour of the mid vowels is consequently irrelevant in discussions of the syllabiﬁcation of /sC/ clusters. 5 It is perhaps reassuring to know that cross-linguistically /s/ (and on occasion other fricatives) raise similar problems with respect to the structure of consonantal clusters, phonotactic restrictions, and the apparent violation of expected patterns. The preceding discussion has dealt with VCCV syllabiﬁcation and illustrated the role of principles (8a-b).
Consider the words in (10). CV. Often, the CC. CC an acceptable initial cluster. t¯V…/ is widespread (très, trois, trop, and so on). tral/, however, since this results in a minimal coda at the expense of a more complex onset. The other forms behave in an analogous fashion: if both a complex coda and a complex onset are possible, 7 minimize the coda and choose the complex onset. We see, then, how templates and syllabiﬁcation principles interact to deﬁne both possible syllables in French and the proper division of longer sequences into appropriate syllabic units.