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By William Maley, Charles Sampford, Ramesh Thakur

The Nineties observed the United international locations, the militaries of key member states and non-governmental corporations more and more entangled within the complicated affairs of disrupted states. even if as deliverers of hunanitarian guidance or as brokers of political, social and civic reconstruction, those actors have needed to examine methods of interacting with one another in an effort to optimize the advantages for the populations they search to help. but the demanding situations created through conflicting organizational cultures, working strategies and priorities have proved daunting. This quantity bargains a rigorous exam of the scale of nation disruption and the jobs of the overseas neighborhood in responding to it, appears to be like at army doctrine for facing ailment and humanitarian emergencies and examines mechanisms for finishing violence and offering justice in post-conflict instances. The authors additionally examine the issues of rebuilding belief and selling democracy, whereas re-establishing the guideline of legislation and social and civil order.

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Extra resources for From Civil Strife to Civil Society: Civil and Military Responsibilities in Disrupted States (Foundations of Peace)

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This has particularly been true in the case of Afghanistan, where, following the communist coup of 1978, the traditional process of elite settlement and elite legitimation, backed by a Grand Council (Loya Jirgah) representing different social strata, irrevocably broke down, leaving the communists and their successors without any process of legitimation with which a majority of the Afghan population could identify. In respect of the loss of a charismatic leader, the case of Yugoslavia is most notable.

Rubin, The Fragmentation of Afghanistan: State Formation and Collapse in the International System (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2002). On Cambodia, see MacAlister Brown and Joseph J. Zasloff, Cambodia Confounds the Peacemakers 1979–1998 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998). For details, see Afghanistan: The Massacre in Mazar-i Sharif (New York: Human Rights Watch, November 1998). Rubin, The Fragmentation of Afghanistan, pp. 296–297. ), Fundamentalism Reborn? Afghanistan and the Taliban (New York: New York University Press, 1998), especially the chapters by Amin Saikal, Anthony Davis and Ahmed Rashid; and Ahmed Rashid, Taliban: Islam, Oil and the New Great Game in Central Asia (London: I.

14 Yet such a force, and more permissive rules of engagement, may blur the distinction between a THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY AND DISRUPTED STATES 39 traditional military or collective security force and a peacekeeping one. Thus, Indian forces in Sri Lanka or Syrian forces in Lebanon represent such an operation, but do not resemble traditional notions of a peacekeeping operation. Furthermore, it seems likely that such operations are more suitable for action by NATO or national military forces than by UN forces or most forces of regional organisations, given their limited military capacity and the political constraints under which they operate.

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