Download Getting to Know the President: CIA Briefings of Presidential by John L. Helgerson PDF

By John L. Helgerson

Learning The President sequence; black and white and colour pictures, notes, a hundred sixty five pages.

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Extra resources for Getting to Know the President: CIA Briefings of Presidential Candidates 1952-1992

Sample text

With few exceptions, the reports and analyses offered by the briefers steered clear of policy issues. In 1960, by contrast, the briefings were handled personally by the Director of Central Intelligence, Allen Dulles, and included extended discussions of sensitive matters. In 1960, the CIA and its programs for the first time became involved in the political campaign, sometimes within public view and sometimes behind the scenes. Issues arose relating to the need for, and the protection of, the US Government's intelligence capabilities, specific intelligence collection programs such as the U−2 aircraft overflights, and substantive analytic findings related to Soviet economic and strategic capabilities.

In his formal memorandums for the record, Dulles did not provide much detail regarding exchanges he may have had with Kennedy about the U−2 shootdown. He did note that the Senator, in the September briefing, had asked him about a book by Maj. Gen. John Medaris, entitled Countdown for Decision. The Medaris book had criticized the US government for its failure to replace the U−2 with a more sophisticated aircraft or an invulnerable satellite reconnaissance system. In a memorandum sent to Gen. " In fact, the first US satellite reconnaissance system was being used in an experimental way in the late summer of 1960; it was launched in August.

Into Politics With Kennedy and Johnson 35 CIA Briefings of Presidential Candidates White House had changed its mind and approved a briefing by Gates. Dulles had weighed in with the White House on at least two occasions, including once with Eisenhower personally, to urge that Gates brief Kennedy. " The White House was obviously uneasy that Kennedy would hear several versions of the story concerning Soviet strategic capabilities. Democrats on the Preparedness Committee, led by the uniquely well−informed Senator Stuart Symington, were attacking the White House with claims that the Soviets were outdistancing the United States.

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