By Konstantin S. Nossov
Sandwiched among the center of historical Greece and the lands of Persia, the Greek towns of Western Anatolia have been the spark that ignited probably the most iconic conflicts of the traditional international. Fought over many times within the fifth century BC, their conquest via the Persians supplied a casus belli for Alexander the good to go the Hellespont in 334 BC and release the conflict of Granicus and the sieges of Miletus and Halicarnassus. a mix of Greek and Asian varieties of army structure, those fortified towns have been innovative of their multi-linear building - successive protective partitions - with loopholes and mural arches. Konstantin Nossov illustrates the evolution of Greek fortifications and the impacts of the zone they bordered during this attention-grabbing research.
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Additional resources for Greek Fortifications of Asia Minor 500-130 BC: From the Persian Wars to the Roman Conquest (Fortress, Volume 90)
At the siege of Oreus in 200 BC they competed with King Attalus of Pergamon to be the first to take the city. According to Livy, 'as they attacked at different points, so they employed different methods. The Romans brought their vineae and battering rams close up to the wall, protecting themselves with their shield-roof; the king's troops poured in a hail of missiles from their ballistae and catapults of every description. 10]. The Romans won the competition: they were the first to penetrate into the town, after their battering ram had breached a part of the wall.
Here and A gate-tower at Sillyon. The wall-walk ran directly through the tower, evidenced by surviving doorways at the curtain-wall level. A fighting platform probably crowned the tower. 1 33 The southern fortified street leading to the acropolis at Sillyon. On the outside the wall is stabilized by buttresses for extra strength. Three surviving merlons are visible in the centre. The rectangular structure on the right is a fort, known as bastion D1, which protected the entrance to the street. The interior of the fort at Sillyon.
A gate and a forum were often connected by a colonnaded street, which formed a comfortable walking and shopping area. Perge and Side offer examples of such modifications. In the early 2nd century AD a rich citizen called Plancia Magna restored and embellished with statues the courtyard of the main gate in Perge; the 3rd century AD saw a decorative, so-called Roman gate grow before the main Hellenistic gate. A similar situation was observed at Side. About 200 A D , when military needs diminished, the courtyard by the main gate was adorned with pillars, niches and statues.