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3 Average annual expenditures and characteristics, by age, 2003 [CONTINUED] All consumer units Item Under 25 25–34 35–44 45–54 55–64 65 and over 65–74 75 and over Health care Health insurance Medical services Drugs Medical supplies 2,416 1,252 591 467 107 546 281 129 100 37 1,468 810 394 202 62 2,105 1,109 598 301 97 2,479 1,166 718 459 137 3,059 1,572 742 627 118 3,741 2,002 688 905 146 3,626 1,974 681 838 133 3,856 2,031 695 971 159 Entertainment Fees and admissions Television, radios, sound equipment Pets, toys, and playground equipment Other entertainment supplies, equipment, and services 2,060 494 950 233 1,958 402 2,519 638 2,407 624 2,414 597 1,469 314 2,016 383 909 244 730 463 780 874 865 744 488 560 415 378 139 403 438 450 381 309 451 159 457 115 373 569 468 692 358 621 90 Personal care products and services 527 326 498 602 616 549 440 491 387 Reading 127 53 99 114 150 168 141 149 134 Education 783 1,490 684 694 1,377 743 129 176 81 Tobacco products and smoking supplies 290 230 285 312 385 337 162 219 105 Miscellaneous 606 251 532 601 830 675 533 547 519 Cash contributions 1,370 371 754 1,256 1,651 1,568 1,969 1,811 2,127 Personal insurance and pensions Life and other personal insurance Pensions and Social Security 4,055 1,382 4,137 5,196 6,003 4,819 1,251 1,847 651 397 3,658 40 1,342 200 3,937 382 4,814 600 5,403 570 4,249 388 864 504 1,342 270 382 Money income before taxes Wages and salaries Self-employment income Social Security, private and government retirement Interest, dividends, rental income, other property income Unemployment and workers’ compensation, veterans’ benefits Public assistance, supplemental security income, food stamps Regular contributions for support Other income Personal taxes 51,128 41,200 2,138 20,680 18,525 346 50,389 47,430 1,211 61,091 55,795 2,420 68,028 59,835 3,423 58,672 45,121 2,728 30,437 7,501 1,616 35,314 12,359 1,996 25,492 2,575 1,231 5,601 174 292 839 2,418 7,802 18,881 18,851 18,911 1,097 83 278 618 1,279 1,922 1,930 1,547 2,317 269 78 296 350 357 319 109 110 109 314 262 342 371 300 386 214 243 184 343 165 2,532 738 474 421 372 168 1,979 507 191 2,817 301 116 3,949 273 122 2,827 87 99 1,878 99 109 1,455 76 90 2,307 Federal income taxes State and local income taxes Other taxes 1,843 502 187 261 144 15 1,336 544 99 1,988 658 170 2,914 814 221 2,010 511 306 1,535 114 228 1,044 152 259 2,032 77 197 48,596 20,259 48,410 58,275 64,080 55,844 28,559 33,859 23,185 Sources of income and personal taxesa Income after taxes Addenda Net change in total assets and liabilities Net change in total assets Net change in total liabilities Other money receipts Ϫ$14,376 6,451 20,827 530 Ϫ$2,556 4,074 6,630 109 Ϫ$21,532 13,436 34,968 141 Ϫ$20,302 9,678 29,981 425 Ϫ$20,363 6,101 26,464 507 Ϫ$7,462 6,512 13,974 1,449 Ϫ$5,284 Ϫ1,804 3,480 495 Ϫ$7,736 Ϫ1,830 5,905 529 Ϫ$2,816 Ϫ1,777 1,039 461 Ϫ1,565 Ϫ157 Ϫ1,078 Ϫ2,070 Ϫ2,391 Ϫ2,103 Ϫ749 Ϫ1,172 Ϫ322 122,059 15,446 81,518 131,093 145,754 164,464 132,695 147,037 118,255 750 124 539 838 898 930 791 852 730 Other financial information Mortgage principal paid on owned property Estimated market value of owned home Estimated monthly rental value of owned home The Wall Street Journal reported that Ford Motor Company was planning to market the Ford Five Hundred—a sedan with a trunk that holds eight golf bags—to empty30 The Economics of Growing Old in America nesters who felt that sport utility vehicles (SUVs) no longer met their needs (Kelly Greene, ‘‘Marketing Surprise: Older Consumers Buy Stuff, Too,’’ April 6, 2004).

70 2005 January February March April Notes: Data are for the end of the specified month. Some Social Security beneficiaries are entitled to more than one type of benefit. In most cases, they are dually entitled to a worker benefit and a higher spouse or widow(er) benefit. If both benefits are financed from the same trust fund, the beneficiary is usually counted only once in the statistics, as a retired-worker or a disabled-worker beneficiary, and the benefit amount recorded is the larger amount associated with the auxiliary benefit.

In 1972 Congress passed the legislation establishing SSI in order to replace several state-administered programs and provide a uniform federal benefit based on uniform eligibility standards. While SSI is a federal program, some states provide a supplement to the federal benefit. 1 million people receiving SSI benefits in October 2005, nearly two million were sixty-five or older. While payments vary by age group, the average monthly benefit received by older adults was slightly more than $361. Some researchers believe that the program could do more to help SSI beneficiaries, including older adults.

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