By Eunjeong Yi
The Istanbul guilds of the Ottoman Empire witnessed a interval of profound fiscal and political turbulence in the course of the 17th century. Drawing at the kadi courtroom documents of Istanbul, the writer explores problems with guild association, questions the so-called traditionalism of Ottoman guilds, and examines the facility of the guilds to barter with the country during periods of peace, struggle and insurrection. not just does this examine shed new mild at the query of what the Ottoman guilds have been and what they have been able to, however it additionally locations the guilds of Istanbul into the broader, dynamic context of latest heritage. This paintings is a invaluable addition to an individual drawn to Ottoman social and political heritage.
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Extra resources for Guild Dynamics in Seventeenth-Century Istanbul: Fluidity and Leverage (Ottoman Empire and Its Heritage)
For the numerous studies based on sicill, see Islamic Legal Studies Program, Harvard Law School, “A Preliminary Bibliography of Studies Based on Ottoman Court Registers,” unpublished typescript prepared for a conference, 1998. D. Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, 1972). For an introduction to the court records of Istanbul, see Yvonne J. Seng, “The }er"iye Sicilleri of Istanbul Müftülü<ü as a Source for the Study of Everyday Life,” TSAB 15–2 (1991) 307–325. Recently, Brinkley Messick, an anthropologist, used sicills in combination with his ﬁeldwork in Yemen, where kadi court procedure is still alive, shedding new light on the legal process behind the court records.
191, table 4). 68 Parker, 209–213. 69 Indeed, the soldiers were a crucial force to be used in succession and other power struggles. There were at least six major army revolts in Istanbul in the seventeenth century (1622, 1632, 1648, 1655, 1656 and 1687), and in three of them (1622, 1648 and 1687) the sultan was deposed—in two of these three (1622 and 1648) the sultan was also assassinated, and there were numerous executions and dismissals of high-ranking bureaucrats. 70 These army revolts were more than temporary disturbances in Istanbul politics.
Istanbul is one of the most written about cities in world history. 2 However, to understand the backdrop of the activities of guildsmen, we need to look at the topography, commercial and cultural geography, and historical events of the time. Istanbul is located in a strategic position both politically and commercially. Perched upon the shores of the Bosphorus and the Marmara Sea, its land connection lies to the west. Therefore, once the western front, where the famous Theodosian walls stood, was secured, it was very hard for enemies to attack, let alone conquer, the city.