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By Howard Federspiel

The Persatuan Islam (Islamic-Union) used to be a small crew of Indonesian Muslim activists through the interval 1923-1957. Their efforts concerned them within the nice disputes of the time, specifically the form of the rising Indonesian kingdom because the quarter broke free from colonial keep watch over, and the course of Islamic discourse in that new state. Deeply ideological, those activists referred to as themselves "radical-revolutionaries". Their outlook, beginning as a manifestation of Islamic Modernism, later grew to become a kind of Islamic Neo-Fundamentalism. The perspectives raised by way of the crowd weren't as a rule approved, as elites with different outlooks won keep watch over of the nationalist schedule and the course of the Indonesian Muslim group. the tale of those activists, besides the fact that, tells us a lot in regards to the context of either Indonesian nationalism and Indonesian Islam as either constructed throughout the first 1/2 the twentieth century.

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Extra resources for Islam and Ideology in the Emerging Indonesian State: The Persatuan Islam (Persis), 1923 to 1957

Sample text

These are the periods of formative activity for the Persatuan Islam when they made a mark on the Indonesian Islamic community, on the politics of the day and interrelationships between Muslims and members of other community. The activity after these two time periods took on a different dimension and, while meaningful at the regional level, the organization no longer had the same national impact that it had earlier. Consequently, the study will concentrate on those two eras, but will include some brief remarks about the later activities.

Economic activity was given a considerable boost with the opening of the Outer Islands to investment capital, while the general business of Java itself continued to operate at high volume. The standard cash crops—sugar, coffee, cacao and indigo remained important and to them were added the production of rubber, tin, petroleum and copra. 02 Among the Indonesian businessmen on Java this was a period of considerable change and general 49 Furnivall, Netherlands Indies, 286. Stibbe, Neerlands Indie, 65; De Klerck, History, II, 552-554.

There was debate whether their loyalties rested with their place of residence or with the countries of their racial origin. The issue was not to be resolved within the period, but there was considerable organizational activity generated as a result of the restlessness. The Indonesian sector of the population was still divided between the princely rulers and the official class on one side, who had considerably more benefits than the large agricultural populations on the other. While the representation for the officials was reasonably good—most of the members of the People's Council and other councils came from this class—they too had desires for an even greater voice in government, but usually sided with Dutch policy, for they saw themselves as an indigenous elite, which might be ill served if change destroyed their positions.

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