By N. Kretzmann, G. Nuchelmans, L. M. De Rijk (auth.), N. Kretzmann, G. Nuchelmans, L. M. De Rijk (eds.)
Buridan used to be an excellent truth seeker in an age of marvelous logicians, delicate to formal and philosophical concerns. there's a desire for severe variants and exact translations of his works, for his philosophical voice speaks without delay around the a while to difficulties of outrage to analytic philosophers this day. yet his idiom is unexpected, so variations and trans lations on my own won't bridge the distance of centuries. i've got attempted to make Buridan obtainable to philosophers and logicians at the present time by way of the introduc tory essay, within which I survey Buridan's philosophy of good judgment. a number of difficulties which Buridan touches on purely marginally within the works trans lated herein are constructed and mentioned, bringing up different works of Buridan; a few subject matters which he treats at size within the translated works, reminiscent of the semantic idea of indirect phrases, i've got touched on flippantly or by no means. Such distortions are inevitable, and that i wish that the idiosyncracies of my selection of philosophically proper themes won't blind the reader to different issues of worth Buridan considers. My aim in translating has been to supply a correct renaering of the Latin. usually Buridan will sofa a logical rule when it comes to the grammatical type of a sentence, and i've endeavored to maintain the interpretation constant. a few strained words outcome, comparable to "A guy i do know" having a distinct common sense from "I comprehend a guy. " This awkwardness can't regularly be refrained from, and that i beg the reader's indulgence. the entire translations listed below are my own.
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Additional resources for Jean Buridan’s Logic: The Treatise on Supposition The Treatise on Consequences
4). Hence Buridan is not even faintly interested in divisions of material supposition: such a series of divisions would only be of limited interest to the logician, whose concern is with Mental and not with Spoken or Written. Mental therefore has a complete apparatus to accomplish all of the functions of material supposition. 4): I say that the Mental sentence corresponding to the sentence "Man is a species" (taken as it is true) is not a sentence in which the specific concept of man is put as the subject, but rather is a sentence in which the concept by which the specific concept of man is conceived is put for the specific concept of man, from which it is clear that the aforementioned paralogism is a fallacy in dictione by the change of supposition.
THE PROPERTIES OF TERMS 21 how one thing is related to another, and so forth, are taken from (proveniunt) the different modes of adjacence of the things appellated to the things for which the term supposit. The different categories are taken (sumuntur) from these different modes of predication. 31 vb asserts that there is a "mode of relation" which he calls an 'inseparable disposition; which is the inherence of an accident in a subject. "2X These 'dispositions' are qualities of qualities which are inseparable, but they are not a new kind of entity; they are unusual entities of an old kind, namely qualities.
12). It is harder to describe the nature of the subject and the predicate, which Buridan discusses in Chapters II-2 and U-6 of TS. A complex series of rules specify some restrictions on which expressions can serve as subject or predicate. In general, any noun phrase can be subject or predicate; this includes (i) any substantive nominative term, whether discrete or common, and any adjective taken substantively (Rules Sup-l and Sup-5); (ii) all referring expressions (Rule Sup-2); (iii) infinitive verbs (Rules Sup-4 and Sup-7); (iv) grammatical combinations of nouns and adjectives, or, more generally, nouns and oblique terms (Rule Sup-8); (v) certain combinations of categorematic and syncategorematic terms (Rules Sup-9 and Sup-l 0).