By Francois Charette
This quantity includes the severe version with English translation of a richly-illustrated Arabic treatise at the development of over a hundred a number of astronomical tools, lots of that are another way unknown to experts. It was once composed through Najm al-Din al-Misri, a slightly shadowy determine, in Cairo, c.1330. The version is followed through a close technical and old observation, that's framed as a self-standing essay on Islamic mathematical instrumentation. whereas this essay/commentary is principally in accordance with Najm al-Din's treatise, it additionally advantages from the session of a giant variety of formerly unstudied manuscripts, and contains a dialogue of all correct assets from the interval 800-1500.
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Additional resources for Mathematical Instrumentation in Fourteenth-Century Egypt and Syria: The Illustrated Treatise of Najm Al-Din Al-Misri (Islamic Philosophy, Theology, and Science)
This work is of particular interest because it belongs to an intermediate level between primitive folk astronomy and advanced mathematical astronomy (cf. r¯ı (may God have mercy upon him) said: When I saw that several people who want to determine the beginning of the prayer times ma ֒a wuj¯ud al-tamk¯ın [meaning unclear] for Cairo only are not skillful in calculation and do not have a place where they can carry it out, I decided to write this ‘introduction’ for them. — Surely, knowledge of something by simple (approximate) methods is better than ignorance (of its application) by exact (and complicated) procedures.
67 Ibn al-Sarr¯aj’s contribution to the field of instrumentation was first rate. a¯ r (see further below) ascribes him the invention of the following instruments: the musattar (“folded”) and mujannah. ir’s ֒Al¯a ֓¯ı quadrant (see below). Except for the latter, he indeed wrote Brockelmann (GAL, II, p. 155) wrote instead “starb um 726/1326 in Aleppo”, and Mayer (1956, p. ) al-mutawaff¯a sanati 726 h / 1335 m”, without indicating any source (he does not appear to have used Brockelmann). 62 Ahlwardt (Verzeichnis, no.
Anaf¯ı was born in 690 H [= 1291], probably in alMizza near Damascus, and studied in Cairo under Ibn al-Akf¯an¯ı. 51 al-Mizz¯ı is the author of treatises on the use of the astro47 Suter, MAA, no. 383; Brockelmann, GAL, I, p. 626 and Suppl. I, p. 869; King, Survey, no. C15. 4. On his work on sundials, see the article “Mizwala” in EI 2 , VII, pp. 210–211 (by D. King). 48 Suter, MAA, no. 398; Brockelmann, GAL, II, p. 155; King, Survey, no. C24. 49 Preserved in the unique manuscript Leiden Or. 468.