Download Nonsense: A Handbook of Logical Fallacies by Robert J. Gula PDF

By Robert J. Gula

Nonsense is the simplest compilation and learn of verbal logical fallacies on hand wherever. it's a guide of the myriad methods we cross approximately being illogical--how we misinform others and ourselves, how we expect and argue in ways in which are disorderly, disorganized, or beside the point. Nonsense is usually a quick path in nonmathematical logical considering, in particular very important for college kids of philosophy and economics. A booklet of exceptional scholarship, Nonsense is without notice comfortable, casual, and available.

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Extra info for Nonsense: A Handbook of Logical Fallacies

Sample text

Now, these are not sound reasons for supporting compulsory athletics . " Sam's statement may be true, but it is irrelevant. Shifting to another problem proves nothing. Above all, the straw man is a misrepresentation and distortion . The witty or cute remark can create a straw man. Mr. Rand, Page 61 DIVERSION 161 ,, in the example cited earlier in this chapter, created a straw man when he caricatured Mr. Hunt. In interpreting literally what Hunt said figuratively, he turned Hunt's comments into a joke and tried to make Hunt look like a fool.

He is merely describing what will happen if the son doesn't mow the lawn. Of course, if the son wants to use the car, he will get the lawn mowed; nonetheless, he will not be doing it for a sound reason. Here are the additional types of irrelevance, many of them variations of the emotional and suggestive appeals already mentioned. One of the most common types of irrelevant appeals is the argumentum ad hominem, the argument directed against the speaker rather than toward what the speaker is saying.

Page 57 DIVERSION 57 i A similar technique occurs when a person interprets literally what was said figuratively. Mr. Hunt is decrying the conditions in a certain part of town. "In fact," he remarks, "I would rather live in the depths of a jungle than in the squalor of that part of town," and he proceeds to show that the jungle, with all its native dangers and threats, is safer than that part of town. His opponent, Mr. Rand, then responds. Sandwiched in his remarks is something like this: "Of course, we can't take Mr.

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