By Simon Waldman, Emre Caliskan
Assesses social, non secular and political polarisation lower than the AKP of Recep Erdogan and the most likely results for Turkey's evolution.
summary: Assesses social, non secular and political polarisation less than the AKP of Recep Erdogan and the most likely effects for Turkey's evolution
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Extra info for The New Turkey and its discontents
Furthermore, while analysts have found evidence that at least elements within the Gulen network were the architects of the failed putsch,12 the movement was also believed to be behind the trials, indictments, prosecutions and imprisonment of dozens of military officers during the Ergenekon and Balyoz cases beginning in 2008 (overturned completely by 2016). These cases, as will be explained in Chapter 1, ushered in the decline of the military as a major player in political life—yet the armed forces were the Gulenists’ chosen instrument to overthrow military rule.
These cases, as will be explained in Chapter 1, ushered in the decline of the military as a major player in political life—yet the armed forces were the Gulenists’ chosen instrument to overthrow military rule. â•… It is also highly ironic that the target of the attempted coup, the rule of President Erdogan and the AKP government, had turned a blind eye to the rise of the Gulen movement within state institutions. Seen as allies of the AKP against the possibility of a military intervention, the Gulen movement and the AKP had a marriage of convenience until 2013.
Unlike his predecessors, Ozkok adopted a relatively low profile. 44 Ozkok’s outlook was that the armed forces needed a new vision, and that officers needed to broaden their horizons intellectually. Ozkok considered Kemalism a worldview that was open and receptive to change, rather than a rigid ideological outlook. It was even said that Ozkok questioned the judgement of past military interventions and instead favoured democratic solutions to political problems. Even his style and manner were different from generals of the past.