Download Turkish Foreign Policy and Turkish Identity: A by Yucel Bozdaglioglu PDF

By Yucel Bozdaglioglu

By utilizing the center insights of the constructivist technique in diplomacy, this e-book analyzes the overseas coverage habit of Turkey. It argues that all through its sleek background, Turkey's international coverage has been suffering from its Western id created within the years following the struggle of Independence.

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Extra info for Turkish Foreign Policy and Turkish Identity: A Constructivist Approach (International Relations Series)

Example text

Many western laws and practices had been adopted…by the end of the nineteenth century. ” 9 Therefore, before explaining the construction and the institutionalization of Turkey’s western identity through a series of reforms, it would be useful to briefly look at the history of the ‘westernization’ movements in the Ottoman Empire that had prepared the preconditions for the Kemalist revolution. A. THE IMPACT OF THE WEST AND THE FIRST OTTOMAN REFORMS The Ottoman Empire has always been in contact with ‘Western civilization’ throughout its history.

71 Another view “emphasizes the inseparability of identity formation and relations between groups. ”72 In this sense, the notion of the other becomes “an epistemological necessity in the definition of the self . ”73 The latter argument about the other has recently found its way into the literature on international relations. ’” 74 In this sense, actors’ identities become a crucial factor in determining their perceptions about each other in the international system. Perceived identities of other actors in the system also inform states who is a friend who is enemy.

Even though Westernizers in the Young Turk movement was the dominant group and they managed to implement many reforms of Western origin they could not, however, save the Empire from declining. The most important reason for this was that the reforms of the nineteenth and the early twentieth centuries “consisted of the creation of new laws, regulations and new institutions, rather than the abolition of old ones. In time this created a dualism,”65 which would exist until the Republican era, producing both reformers and reactionaries at the same time.

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