By Mohammad Miransari
Use of Microbes for the relief of Soil Stresses, quantity 2: relief of Soil tension via PGPR and Mycorrhizal Fungi describes crucial info and advances on the topic of the relief of soil stresses by means of PGPR and mycorrhizal fungi. produced from 11 chapters, the publication reports the function of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in relief of salt rigidity, the position of AM fungi in assuaging drought pressure in crops, the influence of biotic and abiotic stressors and using mycorrhizal fungi to relieve compaction tension on plant growth.
Written by way of specialists of their respective fields, Use of Microbes for the relief of Soil Stresses, quantity 2: relief of Soil tension by way of PGPR and Mycorrhizal Fungi is a entire and necessary source for researchers and scholars attracted to the sphere of microbiology and soil stresses.
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Additional resources for Use of Microbes for the Alleviation of Soil Stresses: Volume 2: Alleviation of Soil Stress by PGPR and Mycorrhizal Fungi
2013). 28 A. A. H. Abdel Latef and M. Miransari Potassium (K) and Sodium (Na) Potassium plays a key role in plant metabolism. It is essential for (1) activating a range of enzymatic reactions such as during the formation of pyruvate, (2) stomatal activities, (3) protein synthesis at the time of tRNA binding to the ribosomes (Blaha et al. 2000), and (4) maintaining osmotic pressure of the vacuole and cell turgor (Maathuis 2009; Evelin et al. 2012). Elevated Na+ in the soil solution inhibits the uptake of other nutrients by interfering with various transporters in the root plasma membrane, such as K+selective ion channels, and inhibiting root growth by the adverse effects of Na+ on soil structure (Porcel et al.
The activation of IR results in non-specific bio-protection of the host plant (Silva et al. 2004; Pozo and Azcón-Aguilar 2007). These defence mechanisms involve the production of enzymes such as peroxidase, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, chitinase and ß1-3-glucanase. These enzymes also prime the host plant for resistance due to the production of phytoalexins and phenolic compounds (Silva et al. 2004; Pozo and Azcón-Aguilar 2007; Pozo et al. 1999). Mycorrhizal fungi have been reported to provide protection against many soilborne pathogens such as Rhizoctonia solani, F.
2002) Competition Kobra et al. (2013) fungal inoculum is commonly produced in a modified pot culture system inoculum, which does not allow for a complete sterile product, the mycorrhizal structures themselves such as spores and hyphae provide niche environments for many rhizospheric bacteria, some of which are referred to as mycor-rhization helper bacteria (Garbaye 1994). 2. Studies on chickpea (Cicer arietinum) conducted by Akhtar and Siddiqui (2008, 2009) showed that the combined inoculation of Glomus intraradices, Rhizobium and Pseudomonas straita or combinations with Pseudomonas alcaligenes and Bacillus pumilus provided effective biological control and promoted plant growth in the presence of a Meloidogyne incognita and Macrophomina phaseolina rootrot disease complex.